Today In History

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Births   Deaths   Events
1173   Pope Alexander III canonizes Thomas Becket Absp of Canterbury
1431   England begins trial against Joan of Arc
1564   Philip II routes cardinal Granvelle to Franche-Comt‚
1574   Spanish garrison of Middelburg Neth surrenders
1583   Groningen Neth begins using Gregorian calendar
1598   Boris Godunov crowned tsar
1613   Michael Romanov, son of Patriarch of Moscow, elected Russian tsar
1673   Michiel A de Ruyter appointed lt-admiral-general of Dutch fleet
1675   Prince Willem III appointed viceroy of Gelderland
1764   John Wilkes thrown out of Engl House of Commons for "Essay on Women"
1777   English ambassador Joseph Yorke demands dismissal of Governor John de Graaff for saluting US flag
1782   US congress resolves establishment of a US mint
1792   Congress passes Pres Succession Act
1795   Freedom of worship established in France under constitution
1797   Trinidad, West Indies surrenders to British
1804   1st locomotive, Richard Trevithick's, runs for 1st time, in Wales
1828   1st American Indian newspaper in US, "Cherokee Phoenix," published
1842   1st known sewing machine patented in US, John Greenough, Wash DC
1846   1st US woman telegrapher, Sarah G Bagley, Lowell, Mass
1853   US authorizes minting of $3 gold pieces
1857   Congress outlaws foreign currency as legal tender in US
1857   US issues flying eagle cents
1858   Edwin T Holmes installs 1st electric burglar alarm (Boston, Mass)
1861   Navaho indians elect Herrero Grande as chief
1862   Confederate Constitution & presidency are declared permanent
1862   Texas Rangers win Confederate victory at Battle of Val Verde, NM
1864   -22] Battle at Okolona, Mississippi
1864   1st US Catholic parish church for blacks dedicated, Baltimore
1866   Lucy B Hobbs (Taylor) becomes 1st US woman to earn a DDS degree
1874   Benjamin Disraeli replaces William Gladstone as English premier
1874   Oakland Daily Tribune begins publication
1878   1st telephone book issued, 50 subscribers (New Harbor, Connecticut)
1882   NYC's 24 hour race begins, winner with most mileage in 24 hours
1883   2nd French government of Ferry begins
1885   Washington Monument dedicated (Wash DC)
1887   1st US bacteriology laboratory opens (Brooklyn)
1887   Oregon becomes 1st US state to make Labor Day a holiday
1895   NC Legislature, adjourns for day to mark death of Frederick Douglass
1902   Dr Harvey Cushing, 1st US brain surgeon, does his 1st brain operation
1903   Cornerstone laid for US army war college, Washington, DC
1904   National Ski Association forms in Ishpeming Mich
1907   SS Berlin sinks off Hoek van Holland Neth (142 dead)
1909   John Galsworthy's "Strife," premieres in London
1910   John Galsworthy's "Justice," premieres in London
1911   Gustav Mahler conducts his last concerto (Berceuse ‚l‚gique)
1914   White Wolf troops attack Zhanjiang China
1915   20th Russian Army corps surrenders
1915   World's Fair in SF opens
1916   Battle of Verdun in WW I begins (1 million casualties)
1917   British Mendi sinks off Isle of Wight, 627 die
1917   Train near Chirurcha Romania catches fire & explodes; 100s die
1918   Australians chase Turkish troop out of Jericho, Dutch Palestine
1919   German National Meeting accepts Anschluss: incorporation of Austria
1919   Revolutionary strike in Barcelona
1920   Darius Milhaud & Jean Cocteau's ballet, premieres in Paris
1922   Airship Rome explodes at Hampton Roads Virginia; 34 die
1922   Great Britain grants Egypt independence
1922   WHK-AM in Cleveland OH begins radio transmissions
1923   Andr‚ Charlot's musical "Rats," premieres in London
1925   1st issue of "New Yorker" magazine published
1925   Mass meeting of SPD's Reichsbanner Black-Red-Gold in Magdeburg
1927   Franz Lehr's opera "Zarewitsch," premieres
1930   Marc Connelly's "Green Pastures," premieres in NYC
1931   Alka Seltzer introduced
1931   Chicago White Sox & NY Giants play 1st exhibition night game
1932   Andr‚ Tardieu becomes premier of France
1932   Camera exposure meter patented, WN Goodwin
1934   Nicaraguan patriot Augusto Cesar Sandino assassinated by Natl Guard
1939   Belgian govt of Pierlot forms
1941   US Senate accepts Omar Bradley's demotion to brig-general
1942   US female Figure Skating championship won by Jane Vaughn
1942   US male Figure Skating championship won by Bobby Specht
1943   Dutch RC bishops protest against persecution of Jews
1943   German offensive at Western Dorsalgebergte Tunisia
1944   "War As It Happens" news show premieres on NBC TV (NYC only)
1945   Archbishop De Jong calls for help with war casualties
1945   British Army captures Goch
1945   US 10th Armour division overthrows Orscholz line
1946   Anti-British demonstrations in Egypt
1947   1st broadcast of 1st US TV soap opera "A Woman to Remember"
1947   1st instant developing camera demonstrated in NYC, by E H Land
1947   Whipper Billy Watson beats Bill Longson, to become wrestling champ
1950   WOI TV channel 5 in Ames-Des Moines, IA (ABC/PBS) begins broadcasting
1951   SC House urges "Shoeless Joe" Jackson be reinstated
1952   Bangladesh Martyrs Day (martyrs of Bengali Language Movement)
1952   Dick Button performs 1st figure skating triple jump in competition
1952   Liz Taylor's 2nd marriage (Michael Wilding)
1953   "Maggie" closes at National Theater NYC after 5 performances
1953   F Crick & J Watson discover structure of DNA-molecule
1953   Longest collegiate basketball game (6 OTs) Niagara beats Siena 88-81
1957   Dodgers (Ft Worth) & Cubs (LA) "trade" minor league franchises
1958   "Portotino" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 3 performances
1958   Egypt-Syria as UAR elect Nasser president (99.9% vote)
1960   Fay Crocker wins LPGA Lake Worth Golf Open
1961   Friedrich Drrenmatt's "Die Physiker," premieres in Zrich
1961   Gabon adopts constitution
1961   Mercury-Atlas 2 reentry Test reaches 172 km
1962   Minister De Pous confirms natural gas reserves in Groningen Neth
1963   US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1964   UK flies 24,000 rolls of Beatle wallpaper to US
1966   Indonesia's president Sukarno fires General Nasution
1968   150,000 demonstrate against leftist students in West-Berlin
1968   Baseball announces a minimum annual salary of $10,000
1969   1st launching of heavy N-1 rocket at Baikonur Kazachstan (explodes)
1969   Ted Williams signs 5-year contract to manage Wash Senators
1970   Jackson 5 make TV debut on "American Bandstand"
1970   Pathet Lao conquerors Xieng Khuang & Muong Suy
1971   Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Sears Women's World Golf Classic
1971   Series of tornadoes cuts through Miss & La killing 117
1972   Michael Weller's "Moonchildren," premieres in NYC
1972   Richard Nixon becomes 1st US president to visit China
1973   Chicago Black Hawks, record 262nd NHL game without being shut-out
1973   Israeli fighters shoot Libyan aircraft down, killing 108
1974   Israeli forces leave western Suez
1974   Silver hits record $5.96« an ounce in London
1974   Yugoslavia adopts constitution
1975   John Lennon releases "Rock 'n' Roll" album
1975   John Mitchell, HR Haldeman & John D Ehrlichman sentenced to 2«-8 yrs
1976   "Rockabye Hamlet" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 7 perfs
1976   Cardinal Willebrands installed as archbishop of Utrecht
1977   74 Unification Church couples wed in NYC
1979   2 Iowa girls HS basketball teams play 4 scoreless quarters game was won 4-2 in 4th overtime period
1979   Japan launches Hakucho x-ray satellite & Corsa-B (550/580 km)
1980   Eric Heiden skates Olympic record 1500m in 1:55.44
1980   Hanni Wenzel is 1st Liechtensteiner to win Olymp gold (giant slalom)
1981   "Yorkshire Ripper" Peter Sutcliffe, murderer of 13 women, captured
1981   Charles Rocket clearly says "fuck" on Saturday Night Live
1981   Japan launches Hinotori satellite to study solar flares (580/640 k)
1981   NASA launches Comstar D-4
1982   "Ain't Misbehavin'" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 1604 perfs
1982   "Little Me" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 36 performances
1982   Beth Daniel wins LPGA Bent Tree Ladies Golf Classic
1983   Donald Davis runs 1 mile backwards in 6 m 7.1 s
1983   NBA San Diego Clippers begin a 29 game road losing streak
1985   Evert van Benthem wins 13th Friese 11 city skateing race
1985   Largest NBA crowd to date 44,970 (Atlanta at Detroit)
1985   Tim Raines is awarded a $12 million salary for 1985 by arbitrator
1986   AIDS patient Ryan White returns to classes at Western Middle School
1986   Tennis star Jimmy Connors fined $20,000 & suspended for 10 weeks
1987   Cindy Rarick wins LPGA Tsumura Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
1987   Syrian army marches into Beirut
1988   Actor Dudley Moore marries actress Brogan Lane
1988   Gustafson skates world record 10km (13:48.20)
1988   Televangelist Jimmy Swaggert confesses his sins to his congregation
1989   Pete Rose meets with Commissioner Ueberroth to discuss his gambling
1989   US bust Chinese ring, capture record 820 lbs heroin ($1B st value)
1989   US capture record 820 lbs of heroin ($1 B street value)[dup]
1990   32nd Grammy Awards: Wind Beneath My Wings, Nick of Time wins
1991   "Lost in Yonkers" opens at Richard Rodgers Theater NYC for 780 perfs
1991   Neil Simon's "Lost in Yonkers," premieres in NYC
1991   USSR announces Iraq agrees to a proposal to end Persian Gulf War US calls the plan unacceptable
1992   Kristi Yamaguchi of US wins Olympic gold medal in women's fig skating
1993   43rd NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 135-132 (OT) at Salt Lake City
1993   Sergei Bubka pole vaults world record indoor (6.15 m)
1995   CFL's Sacramento Gold Miners become San Antonio Texans
1995   RAF-pilot Jo Salter is 1st woman to fly in a tornado
1996   Soyuz TM-23, launched into orbit
1997   "Empire Strikes Back, special edition," premieres
1997   STS 82 (Discovery 22) lands
1998   Cup Noodles Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open

1417   Louis IX, Duke of Bayern (University of Ingolstadt)
1484   Joachim I Nestor, elector (Brandenburg, Constitution)
1556   Sethus Calvisius, composer
1674   Johann Augustin Kobelius, composer
1684   Justus van Effen, writer/founder (Holland Spectator)
1690   Christoph Stoltzenberg, composer
1710   Willem van Haren, Frisian nobleman/poet (Human Life)
1728   Peter III, Kiel Germany, Russian tsar (1762)/husband of Catherine
1730   Charles L Fournier, Flemish writer/painter
1744   Eise J Eisinga, Frisia, built planetarium Franeker
1776   Vincenzo Lavigna, composer
1779   Friedrich C von Savigny, German lawyer
1785   Karl A Varnhagen von Ense, German officer/author (Die Sterner)
1794   Antonio L¢pez de Santa Anna, president of M‚xico (1833-36)
1795   Francisco Manuel da Silva, composer
1800   John Henry Winder, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1865
1801   Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda, composer
1801   John Henry Newman, England, cardinal/author (Dream of Gerontius)
1802   George Douglas Ramsey, Bvt Major general (Union Army), died in 1882
1805   David Tod, US diplomat/(Gov-R-Ohio, 1861-63)
1814   Nicolo Gabrielli, composer
1815   Ernest Meissonier, French painter/sculptor
1817   Jos‚ Zorrilla y Moral, Vallodolid Spain, poet/dramatist (El rey Loco)
1821   Charles Scribner, US, music publisher (Scribner Catalog)
1829   Johnson Hagood, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1898
1831   Eduard Rappoldi, composer
1836   Clement-Philibert-Leo Delibes, composer
1836   Emil Hartmann, composer
1836   L‚o Delibes, Saint-Germain-du-Val France, ballet composer (Copp‚lia)
1837   Rosal¡a de Castro, Spanish writer (Canteres Gallegos, Follas Novas)
1844   Charles-Marie Widor, Lyons France, composer/prof (Paris Conservatory)
1852   [James] Burner Matthews, US playwright/critic (NY Times)
1855   Alice Freeman Palmer, educator (Hall of Fame)
1856   Hendrik P Berlage, architect (Stock exchange Amsterdam)
1857   Jules de Trooz, baron/premier of Belgium (1907)
1861   Pierre Breville, composer
1867   Otto Hermann Kahn, Banker, organized Metropolitan Opera Co
1875   Jeanne Louise Calment, France, world's oldest woman (died at 122)
1876   Constantin Brancusi, Romanian/French sculptor (Princesse X)
1877   Jacob D du Toit [Totius], South African poet/theologist
1878   Fritz Cortolezis, composer
1880   Frank Orth, Phila Pa, actor (Boston Blackie, Brothers)
1881   Savilly Tartakower, Austrian/Polish/French chess player
1883   J M M "Mick" Commaille, cricketer (dual S African cricket/soccer rep)
1885   Sacha Guitry, France, actor/playwright (Story of a Cheat)
1887   Savielly [Xavier] G Tartakower, Austrian/Polish/French chess player
1888   Florence Bates, TX, actress (Moon & Sixpence, Love Crazy, San Antonio)
1888   Willem Banning, Dutch theologist/sociologist (Religious Build Up)
1889   Felix Aylmer, actor (Anastasia, Hamlet, Iron Duke, Macbeth, St Joan)
1892   Edna St Vincent Millay, poet/writer/feminist
1893   Andr‚s Segovia, Linares Spain, classical guitarist
1893   Vsevolod Pudovkin, Soviet film director/theorist (Mother, Deserter)
1896   Sylvain Poons, Dutch cabaret performer (Blue Jackets)
1897   Celia Lovsky, Vienna Aus, actress (Airport, Harlow, T'Pau-Star Trek)
1898   Vassily Vainonen, Russian ballet dancers/choreographer (Gayaneh)
1900   Madeleine Renaud, French actress/theater director (Plaisir)
1900   Sydney Arnold, English comic/actor (Miss Jones & Son)
1902   Arthur D Nock, English/US historian (St Paul)
1902   Bob [Hijman] Scholte, Dutch vocalist [or 1909]
1902   John Smallenbroek, Dutch minister of Internal Affairs [or 1909]
1903   Ana‹s Nin, Paris, novelist (Winter of Artifice, House of Incense)
1903   Eric Fogg, composer
1903   Madeleine Renaud, Paris France, actress (Helene, Longest Day)
1903   Raymond Queneau, [M Presle], French author (Un Enfant a Dit)
1903   Thomas Yawkey, baseball owner (Boston Red Sox)
1904   Armand Preud'homme, Flemish organist/poet
1907   Wystan Hugh Auden, US, poet (Age of Anxiety-Pulitzer 1948)
1909   George G F van Renesse, Dutch pianist/music director
1909   Hans Erni, Switz, painter/sculptor
1909   Helen O Dickens, [Henderson], US physician/gynaecologist
1910   Douglas R S Bader, British pilot (WW II)
1912   Arline Judge, actress (Girls in Chains, Mad Wednesday, Age of Consent)
1912   Nikita Magaloff, Russian/Swiss pianist (Arkadia 598-Schubert)
1912   Patrick Murphy, English multi-millionaire
1913   Glenn M Anderson, (Rep-D-CA, 1969- )
1914   Arnold S Denker, NY, US chess champion (1944-46)
1914   Hermanus P "Piet" Mulder, Dutch journalist (Parool/VARA)
1915   Ann Sheridan, Denton Texas, actress (Dodge City, Another World)
1915   Godfrey Brown, England, 4 X 400m runner (Olympic-gold-1936)
1917   Victor G M Marijnen, Dutch premier (1963-65)
1922   Murray "the K" Kaufman, NYC DJ (5th Beatle)
1922   Uros Krek, composer
1923   Lola Flores, entertainer
1923   Lucille Bremer, dancer/actress (Ruthless, Ziegfeld Follies)
1923   Zvi Zeitlin, Dubrovnik Yugoslavia, violinist/prof (Eastman School)
1924   Robert G Mugabe, premier/president of Zimbabwe
1925   Al Fann, Cleve, actor (Alvin-He's the Mayor)
1925   Jack Ramsay, NBA coach
1925   Sam Peckinpah, Fresno CA, film director (Wild Bunch, Straw Dogs)
1926   Hans Andreus, [Johan W van der Zant], Dutch poet (Animal Language)
1927   Erma Bombeck, Dayton Ohio, humorist (Grass is Always Greener...)
1927   Hubert de Givenchy, Beauvais France, fashion designer (Audrey Hepburn)
1927   Pierre Mercure, composer
1930   Elizabeth Adams, madame
1931   Larry Hagman, TV actor (I Dream of Jeannie, Dallas)
1932   Harald V, King of Norway (1991- )
1933   Nina Simone, [Eunice Waymon], Tyron NC, vocalist/pianist (Porgy)
1934   Rue McClanahan, Healdton Okla, actress (Maude, Golden Girls)
1935   Mark McManus, actor (Taggart, Nightstick, 2000 Weeks, 12th Night)
1936   Barbara Jordan, Houston, Tx, (Rep-D-Tx, 1972-78)
1937   Gary Lockwood, Van Nuys Cal, actor (2001, Survival Zone, Lieutenant)
1937   Ron Clarke, Australia, runner (held 19 world records)
1938   Beryl F Anthony Jr, (Rep-D-CA, 1979- )
1939   Richard Beymer, Avoca IA, actor (West Side Story, Diary of Anne Frank)
1939   Ron Nagle, rock producer (Riding with the King)
1940   John Lewis, (Rep-D-Georgia)
1940   Peter McEnery, England, actor (Game is Over, Moonspinners)
1941   Charlie Shelburne, English earl/large landowner
1942   Margarethe Von Trotta, Berlin Germany, actress/director (Marianne)
1943   David Geffin, Brooklyn NY, record producer (Geffin, Asylum)
1943   Duncan Swift, jazz pianist
1943   Roberto Faenza, director (Cop Killers, Corrupt)
1944   Herman de Coninck, Flemish writer/poet (Impossible Work)
1944   Kitty Winn, Wash DC, actress (Beacon Hill)
1945   Paul Newton, rock bassist
1945   Sudhir Naik, cricketer (Indian Test batsman in 2 Tests 1974)
1946   Alan Rickman, actor (Robin Hood Prince of Thieves)
1946   Desmond Lewis, WI cricket batsman/keeper (avg 86.33 in 3 Tests)
1946   Tricia Nixon Cox, Richard Milhaus' daughter (or 0202)
1946   Tyne Daly, Madison Wisc, actress (Cagney & Lacey, Angel Unchained)
1947   Olympia J Snowe, (Rep-R-ME, 1979- )
1948   Larry Ragland, Richmond Va, comedian (Keep on Truckin')
1949   Jerry Harrison, Milwaukee, rock keyboardist (Talking Heads)
1951   John Parker, cricketer (NZ batsman of 70s)
1951   Michael Cotten, rock synthesizer (Tubes)
1951   Vince Welnick, rock keyboardist (Tubes)
1952   Jean-Jacques Brunel, rock bassist (Stranglers-Dreamtime)
1953   Christine Ebersole, Park Forest Ill, actress (SNL, Valerie, Tootsie)
1953   William L Petersen, actor (Return to Lonesome Dove)
1954   Ivo van Damme, Belgium, 800/1500m dash (Olympic-silver-1976)
1956   Woody Brown, Dayton Ohio, actor (Cliff-Facts of Life)
1958   Alan Trammell, Garden Grove CA, infielder (Detroit Tigers)
1958   Jack Coleman, Easton Pa, actor (Steven Carrington-Dynasty)
1958   Jake Steinfeld, exercise expert (Body by Jake)
1958   Mary-Chapin Carpenter, Princeton NJ, country vocalist (This Shirt)
1961   Christopher Atkins, Rye NY, actor (Peter-Dallas, Blue Lagoon)
1961   Ranking Roger, rock vocalist (English Beat-Drowning)
1961   Yobes Ondieki, Kenya, 10K runner (world record)
1963   Greg Turner, Dunedin NZ, Australasia golfer
1963   Michael Gostigian, Newtown Sq PA, pentathelete (Oly-16th-88, 92, 96)
1964   Alana Soares, Redondo Beach Ca, playmate (Mar, 1983)
1964   Mark E Kelly, Orange NJ, Lt USN/astronaut
1964   Scott J Kelly, Orange NJ, Lt USN/astronaut
1964   Willie Pless, CFL linebacker (Edmonton Eskimos)
1965   Jayson Meyer, Regina Saskatchewan, hockey defenseman (Team Germany)
1965   Keith Arthurton, cricketer (Charlestown, Nevis WI lefty bat)
1966   Bronwen Booth, London, actress (Andy-One Life to Live, Eternal Evil)
1966   Chris Donnels, US baseball infielder (Houston Astros)
1966   Edie Boyer, St Paul Minn, discus thrower
1966   Tommy Hendricks, rocker
1966   Wendy James, London England, vocalist (Transvision Vamp-Velveteen)
1967   Bas Roorda, Dutch soccer player (FC Groningen, NEC) [or Feb 13]
1967   Leroy Russel Burrell, Phila, long jumper (Olympics-96)
1967   Patrick Lodewijks, Dutch soccer player (PSV, FC Groningen)
1968   Pellom McDaniels, NFL defensive end (KC Chiefs)
1968   Terry Allen, NFL running back (Minnesota Vikings, Wash Redskins)
1969   Dean Noel, CFL full back (Hamilton Tiger Cats)
1969   Petra Kronberger, Austrian alpine skiier (Olympic-gold-1992)
1970   Javier De La Hoya, Mexican/US baseball pitcher (Florida Marlins)
1970   Marc Woodard, NFL linebacker (Phila Eagles)
1970   Michael Slater, cricketer (devastating Aust opening bat since 1993)
1970   Patrick Pilloni, hockey forward (Team Austria 1998)
1970   Will Moore, NFL wide receiver (NE Patriots, Jacksonville Jaguars)
1971   Arco Jochemsen, Dutch soccer player (SVDB, Vitesse)
1971   Jeff Schmidt, US baseball pitcher (California Angels)
1971   Jey Phillips, WLAF safety (Amsterdam Admirals)
1971   Jose Solano, actor (Baywatch)
1971   Terry Mickens, NFL wide reciever (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31)
1972   Karl DeWolf, hockey defenseman (Team France 1998)
1973   Brian Rolston, Flint, NHL left wing (Olympics-1994, NJ Devils)
1973   Les Gutches, Medford Oregon, 180« lbs freestyle wrestler (Oly-1996)
1974   Alexei Lojkin, NHL forward (Belarus, Oly-98)
1974   Rohsaan Griffin, Texas City Texas, 200m runner
1975   Scott Miller, Sydney NSW Australia, swimmer (Olympics-silver-96)
1975   Troy Slaten, actor (Jerry-Parker Lewis Can't Lose)
1976   Robin Confer, soccer forward (Olympics-96)
1976   Ryan Smyth, Banff, NHL left wing (Edmonton Oilers)
1986   Amedeo, Belgium, son of princess Astrid/arch duke Lorenz

556   Maximianus van Ravenna, bishop (Basilica S Stefano), dies
1513   Julius II, [Giuliano dellea Rovere], Pope (1503-13), dies at 69
1554   Hieronymus Bock, German doctor (founder of modern botany), dies
1595   Robert Southwell, English Jesuit/poet, hanged
1624   Dirck van Baburen, Dutch painter (Sepulture), dies at about 28
1648   Christian IV, king of Denmark/Norway, dies
1653   Adriaen Pauw, master of Heemstede/Dutch Grand Pensionary, dies at 71
1677   [Benedictus] Baruch Spinoza, philosopher, dies at 44
1684   Pieter van den Abeelen, Dutch medallist/jeweller, dies at about 75
1689   Isaacus Vossius, Dutch [Isaac Vos], librarian, dies
1711   Joan van Hoorn, gov-gen of Neth-Indies (1707-09), dies at 57
1730   Benedict XIII, [Pietro F Orsini], Pope (1724-30), dies at 81
1790   Johann Friedrich Kloffler, composer, dies at 64
1803   Edward Despard, last person drawn & quartered in England
1842   Wojciech Zywny, composer, dies at 85
1852   Nikolai Gogol, Russian playwright (Dead Soles), dies
1862   Justinus A C Kerner, German family doctor/poet/writer, dies at 75
1864   Jeffery Forrest, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle
1872   Pavel P Gagarin, Russian monarch/politician, dies at 82
1876   Henry John Gauntlett, composer, dies at 70
1879   Peter P van Bosse, Dutch liberal minister of Finance, dies at 69
1884   John Pike Hullah, composer, dies at 71
1894   Gustave Caillebotte, French shipbuilding designer/painter, dies at 45
1919   Giovanni Bolzoni, composer, dies at 77
1919   Habib Ullah Chan, emir of Afghanistam (1901-19), murdered at 46
1919   Karl von Hohenzollern, Prince of Belgium, dies
1919   Kurt Eisner, premier Bayern (soc), murdered at 51
1924   Salvatore Auteri Manzocchi, composer, dies at 78
1925   Alfred Baldwin Sloan, composer, dies at 52
1926   Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist (Nobel 1913), dies at 72
1938   Albert Huybrechts, composer, dies at 39
1938   George Ellery Hale, astronomer, dies
1945   Eric Liddell, Scottish runner (Olympic-gold 1924), dies at 43
1948   Frederick Archibald Lamond, composer, dies at 80
1949   Ernest Walker, composer, dies at 78
1951   Anton Roemer, Dutch actor (Gay Death), dies at 63
1956   Edwin Franko Goldman, composer, dies at 78
1961   Blaise Cendrars, [Fr‚d‚ric Sauser-Hall], Switz, poet, dies at 73
1965   Malcolm X, [Little], black Moslem leader, assassinated in NYC at 39
1968   Anthony Asquith, British director (Court Martial), dies at 65
1969   Jos‚ de Capriles, Mexican-born US Olympic fencer, dies
1971   Adolph Weiss, composer, dies at 79
1976   Florence Ballard, rocker (Supremes), dies at 32
1976   Frieda Inescort, Scottish actress (Meet Corliss Archer), dies at 74
1979   Glendon Gibbs, cricketer (Test Cricket WI v Australia 1955), dies
1979   Ray Whitley, composer, dies
1980   Chester H Lauck, actor (2 Weeks to Live, Goin' to Town), dies at 78
1984   Michail A Sholochov, Russian writer (Ocean Don, Nobel 1965), dies
1985   Eric Herfst, Dutch cabaret performer (Floris), dies at 47
1985   Ina Claire, actress/comedienne (3 Bdwy Girls), dies of stroke at 89
1985   Louis Hayward, actor (Lone Wolf, Survivors), dies of lung cancer at 75
1991   Margot Fonteyn, ballerina (1st lady of British Ballet), dies at 71
1991   Roger Swaybill, actor/writer (Porky's II, Breaking Point), dies at 47
1992   Eva A Jessye, US singer/actress (Eva Jessye Choir), dies at 97
1992   Franc Holden, British astronomer (Binary Stars), dies
1992   Jane Pickens Langley Hoving, singer, dies at 83
1992   Kate A ter Horst-Arri‰ns, Dutch nurse (Battle of Arnhem), dies at 85
1992   Roberto D'Aubuisson, El Salvadorian founder (ARENA), dies
1992   William S Magginetti, dies at 98
1993   Ferrucci Lamborghini, car maker (Lamborghini), dies at 76
1994   Frederick Edward Nicklin, architect, dies at 68
1994   William Elgin Swinton, child Psychiatrist, dies at 54
1995   Robert Bolt, Brit playwright (Doctor Zhivago, Bounty), dies at 70
1996   Horace Leonard Gold, sF writer/editor, dies at 81
1996   Jean Burroughs, educationalist, dies at 67
1996   Morton Gould, composer, dies at 82
1996   Terence Edward Armstrong, polar geographer, dies at 75
1997   Kenneth Rowntree, painter, dies at 81
1997   Michael Hollings, catholic priest/crusader, dies at 75

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