Today In History

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Births   Deaths   Events
760   14th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1176   Murder attempt by "Assassins" on Saladin near Aleppo
1200   Peace of Goulet
1370   Jews are expelled/massacred from Brussels Belgium
1455   Open battle in England's 30-year War of the Roses (St Albans)
1455   Richard of York takes St Albans, kidnapping King Henry VI
1526   Pope Clemens VII, France, Genoa, Venice, Florence & Milan form Anti-French League of Cognac
1570   1st atlas, with 70 maps, published
1594   Earl Mauritius & Willem Louis begins siege of Groningen
1629   Emperor Ferdinand II & Danish King Christian IV sign Peace of Lbeck
1659   France, England & Netherlands sign "Hedges Concerto" treaty
1712   Emperor Karel VI crowned king of Hungary
1746   Russia & Austria signs treaty of cooperation
1761   1st life insurance policy in US, issued in Phila
1762   Sweden & Prussia sign peace treaty
1784   Ceylonese student leader Pieter Quint Ondaatje demands democracy
1803   1st public library opens (Connecticut)
1807   Former VP Aaron Burr is tried for treason in Richmond Va (acquitted)
1807   Townsend Speakman 1st sells fruit-flavored carbonated drinks (Phila)
1819   1st steam propelled vessel to cross Atlantic (Savannah leaves Ga)
1836   Felix Mendelssohn's oratorium "St Paul," premieres in Dsseldorf
1843   1st wagon train, 1000+ depart Independence Missouri for Oregon
1849   Abraham Lincoln patents a buoying device
1856   Violence in Senate, SC rep Brooks used a cane on Mass Sen Sumner
1858   Confederaci¢n Granadina (now Colombia) forms
1863   General Grant begins siege on Vicksburg
1863   War Dept establishes Bureau of Colored Troops
1864   Battle of N Anna River, VA (Totopotamy River, Haw's Shop, Hanovertown)
1868   Great Train Robbery-7 men (Reno Brother) make off with $98,000 in cash
1872   Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500)
1877   3rd Kentucky Derby: Billy Walker aboard Baden-Baden wins in 2:38
1883   Cub's Billy Sunday's 1st at bat, begins 14 consecutive strikes out
1884   1-armed pitcher Hugh Daily fanned 13 hitters
1885   13th Preakness: Jim McLaughlin aboard Tecumseh wins in 2:49
1888   Leroy Buffington patents a system to build skyscrapers
1891   1st motion picture shown to Natl Federation of Women's Clubs
1892   Dr Washington Sheffield invents toothpaste tube
1893   Montreal Athletic Assn beat Ottawa Generals 2-1, in 1st Cup Game
1900   Associated Press organizes in NYC as non-profit news cooperative
1900   Edwin S Votey patents pneumatic piano player
1902   36th Belmont: John Bullman aboard Mastermam wins in 2:22.6
1905   Royal Academy in Delft Holland becomes Technical High School
1906   10th anniversary Olympic games close at Athens, Greece
1906   31st Preakness: Walter Miller aboard Whimsical wins in 1:45
1906   Wright Brothers patents an aeroplane
1907   Albert Trott takes two hat-tricks in an innings, Mddx v Somerset
1909   1st SF fireboat, David Scannell, launched
1911   Braves pitcher, Cliff Curtis, loses his 23rd game in a row
1915   Local train collides with troop train killing 226 (Gretna Scotland)
1916   French troops occupy parts of Fort Douaumont Verdun
1923   Stanley Baldwin succeeds Andrew Bonar Law as British premier
1924   In Chicago, Nathan Leopold & Richard Loeb kidnap Robert Franks
1926   "Five Foot Two, Eyes of Blue" by Gene Austin hits #1
1926   Chiang Kai-shek replaces communists in Guomindang China
1926   Dutch Communist Party expels David Wijnkoop
1927   8.3 earthquake strikes Nan-Shan China, 200,000 killed
1927   Dodgers beat Phillies, 20-4
1928   US Congress accept Jones-White Merchant Naval Act
1930   Ruth hits 3 consecutive HR (8th-10th of 60 in 1930)
1930   Yankee "Bronx Bombers" hit 14 HRs in a game
1931   Canned rattlesnake meat 1st goes on sale in Florida
1933   Loch Ness Monster is 1st reportedly sighted by John Mackay
1933   World Trade Day/National Maritime Day 1st celebrated
1938   Dodgers announce contracts to install lights at Ebbets Field
1939   Hitler & Mussolini sign "Pact of Steel"
1940   Dutch Premier De Geer begins working with nazis
1940   Premier Winston Churchill flies to Paris
1941   British troops attack Baghdad
1942   Mexico declares war on nazi-Germany & Japan
1943   1st jet fighter is tested
1943   RAF scatters 1st copies of "The Flying Hollander"
1943   Stalin disbands Komintern
1945   6th Marine division reaches suburbs of Naha Okinawa
1945   NSB-Fhrer Rost van Tonningen attempts & fails at suicide
1946   Yankees turn triple-play & defeat Tigers' 5-3
1947   "Truman Doctrine" goes into effect, aiding Turkey & Greece
1947   1st US ballistic missile fired
1950   Celal Bayar elected president of Turkey
1950   Dutch poet Gerrit Achterberg wins PC Hooft prize
1950   Richard Strauss' "4 Last Songs" (4 letzte Lieder) in London
1953   President Eisenhower signs Offshore Oil Bill
1953   Yankee Irv Noren hits into a triple-play, Yanks beat Wash 12-4
1954   80th Preakness: Johnny Adams aboard Hasty Road wins in 1:57.4
1954   KREX TV channel 5 in Grand Junction, CO (CBS) begins broadcasting
1954   Robert Zimmerman aka Bob Dylan is Bar Mitzvahed
1955   Oldest man to drive in the Grand Prix (aged 55) finishes 6th
1956   "Bob Hope Show," last airs on NBC-TV
1956   KRIS TV channel 6 in Corpus Christi, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
1957   KBTX TV channel 3 in Bryan, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
1957   Red Sox set AL record by smashing 4 HRs in 6th inning in 11-0 win
1957   South Africa govt approves race separation in universities
1959   Benjamin O Davis Jr becomes 1st black gen-major in USAF
1960   Virtually all coastal towns between 37th & 44th parallels severly damaged by tsunami that strikes Hilo, Hawaii at 01:04 AM
1961   "Mother-In-Law" by Ernie K-Doe hits #1
1961   "Touchables In Brooklyn" by Dickie Goodman hits #42
1961   1st revolving restaurant (Top Of The Needle in Seattle), opens
1962   14th Emmy Awards: Bob Newhart Show, E G Marshall & Shirley Booth
1962   Neth telephone net becomes completely automated
1962   Robert A Rushworth, USAF major, takes X-15 to 30,600m
1962   Roger Maris walks 5 times (record 4 intentionally) in a 9 inn game
1963   A C Milan wins 8th Europe Cup 1 at London
1963   Greek parliament leader Lambrakis injured
1963   Mickey Mantle hits a ball off Yankee Stadium's facade
1964   LBJ presents "Great Society"
1965   "Super-cali-fragil-istic-expi-ali-docious" hits #66
1965   Beatles' "Ticket to Ride," single goes #1
1965   Mad Dog Vachon beats Igor Vodic in Omaha, to become NWA champ
1966   18th Emmy Awards: Fugitive, Dick Van Dyke & Mary Tyler Moore
1966   Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
1967   "Mister Rogers' Neighborhood," debuts on NET (now PBS)
1967   Egyptian president Nassar closes Straits of Tiran to Israel
1967   Fire at L'Innovation dept store kills 322 (Brussels, Belgium)
1968   Pitts Pirate Willie Stargell hits 3 HRs, a double & a single
1969   Stafford & Cernan pilot Apollo 10 LEM 9.4 mi(15km) above lunar surface
1970   Arab terrorists kill 9 children & 3 adults on a school bus
1970   France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1970   Mel Stottlemyre sets record by walking 11, but wins 2-0
1972   Ceylon becomes Republic of Sri Lanka as its constitution is ratified
1972   Ton Sijbrands becomes world checker champion
1972   US president Nixon begins visit Moscow
1973   Emmy News & Documentaries Award presentation
1973   President Nixon confesses his role in Watergate cover-up
1974   Ruffian begins her racing career as a filly & dies 14 months later
1974   Soccer team Veendam forms
1974   US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1975   8th ABA Championship: Kentucky Colonels beat Ind Pacers, 4 games to 1
1976   NASA launches space vehicle S-179
1976   St Louis Cardinal Reggie Smith hits 3 HR
1977   Final European scheduled run of Orient Express (94 years)
1977   Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Coca-Cola Golf Classic
1977   Red Sox (6) & Brewers (5) tie single game HR record of 11
1979   Canadians elect conservatives, Joseph Clark replaces Pierre Trudeau
1979   Commencement of 1st ICC Trophy (PNG v E Afr & Singapore v Arg)
1980   Marlo Thomas & Phil Donahue marry
1981   Soyuz 40 returns to Earth
1983   Pat Bradley wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Charity Golf Tournament
1983   Toronto Blue Jay Cliff Johnson hits record 18th pinch hit HR
1985   Pete Rose 2,108th run passes Hank Aaron as NL run scoring leader
1985   Real Madrid wins 14th UEFA Cup at Madrid
1985   US sailor Michael L Walker arrested for spying for USSR
1986   Cher called David Letterman an asshole on Late Night on NBC
1987   30 killed in a Texas tornado
1988   34th LPGA Championship won by Sherri Turner
1988   K roly Gr¢sz succeeds party leader J nos K d r in Hungary
1990   Andre Dawson sets record being intentionally walked 5 times
1990   Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,852.23
1990   Final episode of "Newhart" airs
1990   Microsoft releases Windows 3.0
1990   North & South Yemen merge to form Republic of Yemen
1991   Inter Milan wins 20th UEFA Cup at Rome
1991   NFL Owners agree to add 2 teams in 1994
1991   Roh Jai Bong resigns as premier of South Korea
1992   Calif Angels, are involved in a bus crash, in NJ
1992   India launches its Agni rocket
1992   Johnny Carson's final appearance as host of Tonight Show
1993   Riddick Bowe TKOs Jesse Ferguson in 2 for heavyweight boxing title
1994   Elaine Crosby wins LPGA Lady Keystone Golf Open
1994   Toronto NBA franchise unveils name "Raptors" & logo
1995   Laverne & Shirley 20th anniversary reunionn special, televised
1996   "Tartuffe: Born Again," opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 29 perfs
1996   Emmy 23rd Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 16th time

1671   Abraham Patras, governor-general of East-Indies (1735-37)
1722   Johannes Schmidlin, composer
1759   Gervais-Fran‡ois Couperin, composer
1780   Jan Emmanuel Dulezalek, composer
1783   Thomas Forbes Walmisley, composer
1804   John William (Turk) Livingston, Commander (Union Navy), died in 1885
1808   G de Nerval, writer
1813   Richard Wagner, Leipsig Germany, composer (Ring, Flying Dutchman)
1820   Alexander Ernst Fesca, composer
1821   Alfred Sully, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1879
1826   George Parr, cricketer (legendary Notts batsman, 1st Eng touring capt)
1828   Albrecht Gr„fe, pioneer eye surgeon; founded modern ophthalmology
1844   Mary Cassatt, US, Impressionist painter (Woman Bathing)
1850   Johann Schrammel, composer
1852   Emile Sauret, composer
1859   Arthur Conan Doyle, UK, author brought Sherlock Holmes to life twice
1862   August Cuppens, Flemish author/pastor
1865   Enrique Morera, composer
1874   Daniel F Malan, premier of South-Africa (1948-54)
1874   Francesco Paolo Neglia, composer
1879   Eastwood Lane, composer
1879   Hendrik Heyman, Belgian minister of N˜verheid/mayor
1879   Jean Emile Paul Cras, composer
1879   Warwick Armstrong, cricketer (Big Ship Great Aussie skipper 1920-21)
1884   Alceo Toni, composer
1885   Julio Fonseca, composer
1891   J R Becher, writer
1891   Robert Gordon Sproul, educator/college pres (Univ of Calif)
1892   Louis van Tulder, Dutch tenor (From Office Stool to High C)
1895   Jiddu Krishnamurti, India, philosopher (Songs of Life) [OS=May 12]
1897   Robert Neumann, Austrian/British author (Waters of Babylon)
1898   Ren‚ de Vos, Dutch actor/composer (Jij Bent Mijn Leven)
1902   Al Simmons, Milwaukee, outfielder (A's)/lifetime batting avg of .334
1904   Anne de Vries, writer (Bartje)
1906   Harry Ritz, US comic (Ritz Brothers-Silent Movie)
1907   Herg‚, [Georges R‚mi], Belgian cartoonist (Kuifje)
1907   Laurence Olivier, England, actor (Rebecca, Hamlet, Jazz Singer)
1910   Johnny Olson, TV announcer (Price is Right)
1911   Anatol Rapoport, Russ/US mathem/biologist (game theory)
1912   Hendrik Koekoek, Dutch MP (Farmers Party)
1913   Andrea C Bensddorp, Dutch/South African actress (Commensaal)
1913   Carlyle Blackwell Jr, CA, actor (Docks of NY)
1914   Vance Packard, Granville Summit Pa, author (Hidden Persuaders)
1916   Gordon Binkerd, composer
1917   Jean-Louis Laffitte Curtis, novelist
1918   David Land, impressario
1919   Paul Vanden Boeynants, premier Belgium (1966-68, 1978-79)
1920   Hugh Armstrong Clegg, industrial relations academic
1920   Thomas Gold, astronomer (proposed steady-state theory of universe)
1922   Judith Crist, NY, movie critic (TV Guide)
1924   Charles Aznavour, Armenia, French singer (Monsieur Carnavel, Tin Drum)
1924   Claude Andre Francois Ballif, composer
1924   Helen Wedemeyer, Hilo Hawaii, actress (Hawaii Five-O)
1925   Jean Tinguely, Swiss sculptor artist (movement objects)
1927   Eric Petrie, cricketer (NZ wicketkeeper of the late 1950's)
1927   Michael Constantine, Penn, actor (Room 222, Don't Drink the Water)
1928   Roscoe Robinson, US gospel singer
1928   T Boone Pickens, CEO (Shamrock, Mesa Petroleum Co)
1929   Asher Ben-Yohanan, composer
1930   Dieuwke Y W de Graaff-Nauta, Dutch undersecretary of the Interior
1931   Kenny Ball, rocker
1933   John Browning, Denver Colorado, pianist (Leventritt Award-1956)
1934   Peter Nero, NYC, conductor/pianist (A Sunday in NY)
1938   Frank Converse, actor (It's About Time, Dr Cook's Garden, Movin' On)
1938   Richard Benjamin, NYC, director/actor (Goodbye Columbus, He & She)
1938   Susan Strasberg, NYC, actress (In Praise of Older Women, Manitou)
1940   Bernard Shaw, news correspondant (CBS, CNN)
1940   Erapalli Prasanna, cricketer (one of India's big four spinners)
1940   Michael Sarrazin, actor (Seduction, They Shoot Horses Don't They)
1941   Paul Winfield, LA, actor (Star Trek II, Huckleberry Finn, Mars Attack)
1941   Sebastian Forbes, composer
1942   Barbara Parkins, Vancouver BC, actress (Betty-Peyton Place, Asylum)
1942   Calvin Simon, US rock vocalist (Funkadelic-1 Nation Under a Groove)
1942   Malika A Sabirova, Russian dancer
1942   Pallo Jordan, South African ANC member/heads (Radio Freedom)
1943   Tommy John, pitcher (Yankee/Dodger)
1948   Richard Baker, (Rep-R-Louisiana)
1950   Bernie Taupin, lyricist (writes with Elton John)
1952   Jan Todd, woman power lifter, once lifted 248 kg in a squat
1952   R W Eaks, Colorado Springs CO, Nike golfer (1990 Quicksilver Open)
1953   John Edward Stevens, NYC, bank robber (FBI Most Wanted List)
1954   Jerry Dammers, keyboardist (Specials-Special)
1955   Iva Davies, rock guitarist/vocalist (Icehouse)
1955   Sam Coppersmith, (Rep-D-Arizona)
1956   Douglas Heyes Jr, LA Calif, actor (Captains & Kings, Aspen)
1959   Ed Fry, actor (Larry-As the World Turns, Adam Cory-Another World)
1959   Morrissey, British rock vocalist (Everyday is Like Sunday)
1959   [Patrick] Morrissey, rocker (Depeche Mode-Somebody)
1961   Dana Williams, Dayton Ohio, singer (Diamond Rio-Meet in the Middle)
1962   Andrew Donald Magee, Paris France, PGA golfer (1988 Pensacola Open)
1964   David Lidberg, jockey
1966   Donald Royal, NBA forward (Charlotte Hornets, Orlando Magic)
1966   Jose Mesa, Azua Dom Rep, pitcher (Cleveland Indians)
1968   Alan Levine, Park Ridge IL, pitcher (Chic White Sox)
1968   Brent Geiberger, Santa Barbara CA, Nike golfer (1994 Queen Mary-2nd)
1968   Carmie Vairo, Vancouver BC, softball infielder (Olympics-96)
1968   Mike Harbold, Oakland Calif, sprint kayak (Olympics-96)
1968   Randy Brown, NBA guard (Chicago Bulls)
1969   Tim Wiley, Lexington Mass, kayak (alt-Olympics-96)
1969   Vaughn Eshelman, Philadelphia PA, pitcher (Boston Red Sox)
1970   Clyde Johnson, cornerback (KC Chiefs)
1970   Eric Wunderlich, US, 200m breaststroke (Olympics-7th-96)
1970   Marcus Dowdell, NFL wide receiver/kick returner (Arizona Cardinals)
1970   Naomi Campbell, London England, model/actress (Cool as Ice, Unzipped)
1971   Corey Croom, NFL running back (NE Patriots)
1971   Troy Barnhart, Hanford CA, water polo 2m offense (Olympics-96)
1972   Alison Eastwood, daughter of actor Clint/actress (Tightrope)
1972   Mike Hollis, NFL kicker (Jacksonville Jaguars)
1972   Rich Owens, NFL defensive end (Washington Redskins)
1973   Aaron Graham, corner (Arizona Cardinals)
1973   Daniel Tiatto, Australian soccer midfielder (Olyroos, Olympics-96)
1973   Julian Tavarez, Santiago Dom Rep, pitcher (Cleveland Indians)
1973   Leslie Ratliffe, WLAF offensive tackle (Rhein Fire)
1974   Greg Jones, linebacker (Washington Redskins)
1975   Cole Hauser, Santa Barbara CA, actor (Randy-High Incident)[or Mar 22]
1975   Jaane Niinimaa, Raahe FIN, NHL defenseman (Finland Oly-br-98, Flyers)
1976   Christian Vande Velde, Chicago Ill, cyclist (Olympics-96)

337   Constantine the Great, emperor of Rome (306-37)/anti semite, dies
987   Louis V le Faineant, the Lazy, king of France (986-87), poisoned at 20
1501   Robert Gaguin, French writer/diplomat (Arte Metrificandi), dies at 66
1540   Francesco Guicciardini, Italian historian/pres of Romagna, dies at 57
1667   Alexander VII, [Fabio Chigi], Italian Pope (1655-67), dies at 68
1688   Johann A Quenstedt, German Lutherian theologist, dies at 70
1781   Garret Wesley Mornington, composer, dies at 45
1801   Heinrich Gottfried Reichard, composer, dies at 58
1819   John H van Kinsbergen, lt-admiral/founder (Corps Marines), dies at 84
1825   Domenico Corri, composer, dies at 80
1859   Ferdinand II, [Re Bomba], Dutch King of Sicily, dies at 49
1868   Julius Plcker, German mathematician/physicist (formula of P), dies
1878   Franz von Holstein, composer, dies at 52
1880   Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern, German liberal politician, dies at 80
1885   Victor(-Marie) Hugo, French writer (Les Mis‚rables), dies at 83
1898   Edward Bellamy, writer, dies at 48
1910   Jules Renard, French writer (Le plaisir the rompre), dies at 46
1921   Marie E Wilton, writer, dies
1925   John [Denton Pinkstone] French, Brit field marshall (WWI), dies at 72
1928   William HT Gairdner, Engl missionary (Nile Mission Press), dies at 54
1932   Lady Augusta, [Isabella Gregory], playwright (Gold Apple), dies at 80
1939   Ernst Toller, writer, dies at 45
1939   Willem de M‚rode, poet (Precious Blood), dies at 51
1945   Carel A Lion Cachet, lithographer/wood carver, dies
1948   Claude McKaye, Jamaican/US author (Banjo, Home to Harlem), dies at 57
1949   Hans Erich Pfitzner, Russian/German composer, dies at 80
1949   Klaus H T Mann, German/US writer (Turning Point), dies
1953   Vaclav Klicka, composer, dies at 70
1957   Langston Hughes, poet laureate, dies
1958   Magdalene Sz‚kely-Lulofs, author (Our Italian Employees), dies at 58
1961   Joan Davis, actress (I Married Joan), dies of heart attack at 53
1965   Bobby Watson, comedian (Hitler Gang, Boys Town), dies at 77
1965   Heinrich Barth, Swiss philosopher (Das Sein in der Zeit), dies
1966   Tom Goddard, cricketer (22 wkts in 8 Tests for England 1930-39), dies
1967   Henry C Rmke, psychiatrist (Light of Man), dies at 74
1967   J Langston Hughes, US author (Tambourines to Glory), dies at 65
1970   Joseph W Krutch, US writer (Measure of Man), dies at 76
1972   Margaret Rutherford, English actress (Murder Ahoy, VIP's), dies at 80
1975   Torben Meyer, actor (Viking, Roberta, Sunny), dies at 90
1977   Gijsbert van Hall, banker/mayor of Amsterdam (1957-67), dies at 73
1977   Marius Monnikendam, Dutch choir composer, dies at 80
1978   Bjarne Brustad, composer, dies at 83
1984   John Marley, actor (Cat Ballou), dies at 77 following heart surgery
1986   Martin Gabel, actor (Thief, Marnie), dies at 63
1987   Mario Zafred, composer, dies at 65
1988   Dennis Day, tenor/comedian (Jack Benny Show, Danny Boy), dies at 71
1988   Giorgio Almirante, Italy, fascist (member of parliament), dies at 73
1990   Max Wall, actor (Jabberwocky), dies
1990   Rocky Graziano, boxer, dies at 71, of heart failure
1991   Lino Brocka, director (Macho Dancer, Jaguar), dies in car crash at 51
1993   Mieczyslaw Horszowski, Polish/US pianist (Carnegie Hall), dies at 100
1994   Frederick Hemming McClintock, criminologist, dies at 68
1994   Mitacq, [Michel Tacq], Belg comic strip artist (Beaver Patrol), dies
1995   Robert Flemyng, actor (Kafka, Rebecca, Funny Face), dies at 83
1996   Duncan Montgomery Stewart, academic, dies at 66
1996   Rex Collings, writer/publisher, dies at 70

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