Today In History

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Births   Deaths   Events
399   Philosopher Socrates sentenced to death
732   Ho-tse Shen-hui, Zen teacher disputes founder of Northern Ch'an line
1145   Bernardo elected Pope Eugene III
1313   Peace of Angleur
1386   Duke Philip the Stout forms Council of Flanders
1539   Emperor Charles receives Cardinal Pole in Toledo
1552   Dutch coast hit by heavy storm
1563   Russian troops occupy Polotsk Lithuania
1637   Ferdinand III succeeds Ferdinand II as Holy Roman Emperor
1677   King Charles II reports anti-French covenant with Netherlands
1686   Jean Baptiste Lully's opera "Armide," premieres in Paris
1689   German Parliament declares war on France
1745   Colley Cibbers "Papal Tyranny," premieres in London
1763   Austria, Prussia & Saxony sign Peace of Hubertusburg
1764   St Louis founded as a French trading post by Pierre Laclade Ligue
1768   1st mustard manufactured in America advertised, Philadelphia
1775   Angelo Braschi chosen as Pope Pius VI
1797   Battle of Cape St Vincent
1799   1st US printed ballots authorized, Pennsylvania
1804   New Jersey becomes last northern state to abolish slavery
1842   1st adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), NYC
1845   William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72" (183 cm) reflector
1848   Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
1851   Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescueing a fugitive slave
1852   Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
1861   Ft Point completed & garrisoned (but has never fired cannon in anger)
1862   Grant's major assault on Ft Donelson, Tennessee
1864   Fire in Rotterdam Neth damages Museum Boymans
1869   Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped
1870   Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minn
1876   Historic Elm at Boston blown down
1879   Congress authorizes women lawyers to practice before Supreme Ct
1882   1st cargo of frozen meat leaves NZ for Britain, on SS Dunedin
1882   SS Dunedin leaves NZ with 1st frozen meat to England
1895   23 cm (9") of snow falls on New Orleans
1898   USS Maine sinks in Havana harbor, cause unknown-258 sailors die
1900   General French relieves Kimberley/Cecil Rhodes
1902   Underground railway (U-Bahn)
1903   1st Teddy Bear introduced in America, made by Morris & Rose Michtom
1905   1st race meet at Oaklawn Park (Hot Springs, Ark)
1906   British Labour Party organizes
1912   Fram reaches latitude 78ø 41' S, farthest south ever by ship
1913   1st avant-garde art show in America opens in NYC
1916   NY Yankees buy Frank "Home Run" Baker from the Athletics for $37,500
1917   SF Public Library (Main Branch at Civic center) dedicated
1918   1st WW I US army troop ship torpedoed & sunk by Germany, off Ireland
1918   Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania adopt Gregorian calendar
1919   American Legion organizes in Paris
1921   Arthur Mailey completes 9-121 v England, Australian Test Cricket rec
1922   Marconi begins regular broadcasting transmissions from Essex
1926   Brooks Atkinson Theater opens at 256 W 47th St NYC
1926   Contract air mail service begins in US
1929   St Valentine's Day massacre (Chicago)
1930   Weona beats Toluca in Illinois Basketball Tournament in 10 overtimes
1931   1st Dracula movie released
1931   Spring training site of NY Yankees in St Petersburg is renamed Miller Huggins Field in honor of the team's late manager
1932   3rd Winter Olympic games close at Lake Placid, NY
1932   Aust beat S Africa in cricket by an inn in 5 hrs 53 min playing time
1932   George Burns & Gracie Allen debuted as regulars on "Guy Lombardo Show"
1932   John Van Druten's "There's Always Juliet," premieres in NYC
1932   US bobsled team member Eddie Eagan becomes only athlete to win gold in both Summer & Winter Olympics (1920 boxing gold)
1933   Karl Radek praises invincible force of German communist party
1933   Pres-elect Franklin Roosevelt survives assassination attempt
1933   Social-democratic newspaper "Vorw„rts" banned again in Berlin
1936   -60øF (-51øC), Parshall, North Dakota (state record)
1936   Hitler announce building of Volkswagens (starting slug-bug game)
1936   Sonja Henie, Norway, wins 3rd consecutive Olympic figure skating gold
1939   German battleship Bismarck was launched
1939   Lillian Hellman's "Little Foxes," premieres in NYC
1941   Duke Ellington 1st records "Take the A Train"
1942   German U-boat shells at Antillian oil refinery
1942   Japanese troops march into Palembang, South Sumatra
1942   Singapore surrenders to Japanese
1943   Women's camp Tamtui on Ambon (Moluccas) hit by allied air raid
1944   891 British bombers attack Berlin
1944   Bombing & shooting at Monte Cassino convent Italy, begins
1946   Bank of England nationalized
1947   "Toplitzky of Notre Dame" closes at Century Theater NYC after 60 perfs
1948   Mao Zedong's army occupies Yenan
1949   Dmitri Shostakovitch' "Song of the Woods," premieres in Leningrad
1950   KENS TV channel 5 in San Antonio, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
1950   Walt Disney's "Cinderella" released
1950   WM Inge's "Come Back, Little Sheba," premieres in NYC
1950   WSYR (now WSTM) TV channel 3 in Syracuse, NY (NBC) begins broadcasting
1954   1st bevatron in operation-Berkeley, California
1954   WRDW TV channel 12 in Augusta, GA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955   1st pilot plant to produce man-made diamonds announced
1956   Pirates & KC A's cancel an exhibition game in Birmingham Alabama, because of local ordinance barring black from playing against
1956   Urho Kekkonen appointed president of Finland
1957   Andrei A Gromyko succeeds Dmitri Shepilov as Soviet foreign minister
1958   Ice Dance Championship at Paris won by June Markham/Courtney Jones GRB
1958   Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Barbara Wagner/Rob Paul of CAN
1958   Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Carol Heiss of USA
1958   Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by David Jenkins USA
1958   Sjafroeddin Prawiranegara forms anti-govt of Middle Sumatra
1959   Antonio Segni forms Italian govt
1959   Louise Suggs wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Tournament
1961   Australia beat WI 2-1 in one of best Test Cricket series ever
1961   Entire US figure skating team of 18, dies in Belgian Sabena 707 crash
1962   US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963   1st US female world figure skating champ (Tenley Albright)
1963   Ken Lynch records "Misery," 1st Lennon-McCartney song by someone else
1964   Beatles' "Meet the Beatles!," album goes #1 & stays #1 for 11 weeks
1964   Bill Bradley scores 51 points for Princeton
1965   Canada replaces Union Jack flag with Maple Leaf
1965   John Lennon passes his driving test
1965   Maple Leaf becomes official flag of Canada
1966   Kees Verkerk becomes world champion all-round skater
1967   1st anti-bootleg recording laws enacted
1967   D66 (D'66) wins 7 seats in Dutch 2nd Chamber
1967   Longest dream (REM sleep) on record, Bill Carskadon, Chicago (2:23)
1968   Anaheim's Les Salvage scores 10, 3-pt baskets in ABA game vs Denver
1968   WVUT TV channel 22 in Vincennes, IN (PBS) begins broadcasting
1970   Ard Schenk becomes world champion all-round skater
1970   Carol Mann wins LPGA Burdine's Golf Invitational
1970   Dominican DC-9 crashes into sea at Santo Domingo, kills 102
1970   KAMU TV channel 15 in College Station, TX (PBS) begins broadcasting
1970   Nationalists disrupt UN session on Congo
1971   After 1,200 years Britain abandons 12-shilling system for decimal
1972   Bill Torrey becomes 1st Islander General Manager
1972   Dimitrios Papadopoulos becomes metropolitan of Imbros/Tenedos
1972   Pres Velasco Ibarra of Ecuador deposed for 4th time
1973   Friendsville Academy (Tenn) ends 138-game basketball losing streak
1973   USSR launches Prognoz 3 to study sun (589/200,300 km)
1976   12th Winter Olympic games close at Innsbruck, Austria
1976   Joanne Carner wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1977   Social-democrats win Danish parliamentary election
1978   England all out 64 for 1st loss to NZ in cricket (Boycott capt)
1978   Escaped mass murderer Ted Bundy recaptured, Pensacola, Fla
1978   Leon Spinks beats Muhammad Ali in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1978   Zaire revises constitution
1979   21st Grammy Awards: Just the Way You Are, Taste of Honey wins
1979   Paul Shirley (21) of Australia, sucked a lifesaver for 4 hrs 40 mins
1979   Temple City Kazoo Orchestra appears on Mike Douglas Show
1979   US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1980   Eric Heiden skates Olympic record 500m in 38.03 sec
1980   Wayne Gretzy assists on NHL-record-tieing 7 goals
1981   Joanne Carner wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic
1981   Rocket-powered ice sled attains 399 kph, Lake George, NY
1982   Dan Issel (NBA-Nuggets), begins streak of 63 consecutive free throw
1982   Ocean Ranger oil-drilling platform lost off Newfoundland, 84 die
1984   500,000 Iranian soldiers move into Iraq
1985   STS 51-E vehicle moves to launch pad
1985   World chess championship match abandoned-Karpov 25, Kasparov 23
1986   44,180 largest NBA crowd to date-Phila at Detroit
1986   Ferdinand Marcos wins rigged Philippines presidential election
1986   Phil Natl Assembly authorizes 6 more years for Ferdinand Marcos
1987   ABC-TV begins broadcasting "Amerika" mini-series
1987   Craig Stadler disqualified from Andy Williams Open for kneeling on a towel to make a shot
1987   Karlstad skates world record 10km (14:03,92)
1987   Nikolai Guljajev becomes world champion skater
1988   US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1989   Israel attacks border strip Taba near Egypt
1989   Soviet military occupation of Afgh nist n ends
1990   Baseball owners lock out players
1991   Freighter with dynamite explodes in Phang Nga Thailand, 120 die
1991   Troy State sets NCAA Div II record with 103 points in 2nd half routing DeVry Institute 187-117
1992   100th episode of "Cops" airs on Fox
1992   Jeffrey Dahmer found sane & guilty of killing 15 boys
1993   Bomb strike on mafia drug lords in Bogot , Colombia; kills 14
1993   Bombings by mafia drug lords kill 14 in Bogot  Colombia
1993   Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Rochester NY on WNVE 95.1 FM
1994   US asks Aristide to adopt a peace plan from Haiti
1995   Burundi premier Anatole Kanyenkiko, resigns
1995   Dow-Jones closes at record 3986.17
1995   Population of People's Republic of China hits 1.2 billion
1997   US female Figure Skating championship won by Tara Lipinski
1997   US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldridge
1998   Dale Eggeling wins Los Angeles Women's Golf Championship
1998   Daytona 500 race

37   Claudius Drusus Germanicus Caesar Nero, emperor of Rome (54-68)
1368   Sigismund, Nrnberg Germany, Holy Roman emperor (1410-37)
1483   Babur, founder of Mughal dynasty in India (1526-30
1497   Philipp Melanchthon, German Protestant
1519   Pedro Menendez de Aviles, explorer (found St Augustine Florida)
1524   Charles de Guise, archbishop/cardinal of Reims
1557   Alfonso Fontanelli, composer
1564   Galileo Galilei, Pisa Italy, astronomer/physicist
1571   Michael Praetorius, Kreuzberg Germany, composer (Syntagma music)
1620   Fran‡ois Charpentier, French scholar/archaeologist
1650   Anne Jules duke de Noailles, marshal of France (hugenot)
1660   Frans Anneessens, Belgian merchant/dean of artisans
1666   Antonio M Valsalva, Italian anatomist (eardrums, glottis)
1705   Charles A Vanloo, French painter
1707   Claude Prosper, Paris France, novelist
1710   Louis XV the Well-Beloved, Versailles, King of France (1715-74)
1726   Abraham Clark, farmer/lawyer, signed Declaration of Independence
1740   Ernst Eichner, composer
1748   Jeremy Bentham, London England philosopher/originator (Utilitarian)
1759   Friedrich A Wolfius, [Wolf], German philological (Prolegomena)
1760   Jean-Fran‡ois Le Sueur, composer
1764   Jens I Baggesen, Danish writer/linguist (Danske V'rker)
1766   Thomas Malthus, Rookery Surrey UK, economist/demographer
1768   Jozef B Cannaert, [Olim], Flemish lawyer
1774   W G Frederik, prince of Orange
1780   Carel Asser, Dutch jurist
1783   Johann Nepomuk Poissl, composer
1785   Claude Louis Marie Navier
1789   Friedrich Fesca, composer
1795   Charles Niellon, Belgian brigade general (10 day campaign)
1797   Henry Engelhard Steinway, piano maker (Steinway)
1800   Frederik W Conrad, Dutch hydraulic engineer/railway pioneer
1803   John Augustus Sutter, Swiss/US colonist (New Helvetia Ca, Sutter Mill)
1807   Ignacy Feliks Dobrzynski, composer
1809   Cyrus Hall McCormick, inventor (Mechanical reaper)
1811   Domingo F Sarmiento, president of Argentina (1868-74)
1812   Charles Lewis Tiffany, Killingly Ct, jeweler (Tiffany)
1817   Charles F Daubigny, French restauranteur/painter
1819   Christopher Sholes, Mooresburg Penn, inventor (typewriter)
1820   Susan Brownell Anthony, Adams Mass, woman's suffragette
1821   Abraham de Amorie van der de Have, theologist/poet
1822   Theodor Uhlig, composer
1823   Li Hung-Tshang, Chinese rebel leader/viceroy of Tsheli Canton
1826   George J Stoney, Irish physicist
1828   Johan H van Dale, schoolmaster (New Dutch Language Dictionary)
1829   Silas Weir Mitchell, US physician/author (Roland Blake)
1834   William Preece, English electrical engineer/wireless pioneer
1835   Alexander Stuart Webb, Major General (Union Army), died in 1911
1845   Elihu Root, (R)/US Sec of State (1905-09)/Nobel Peace Prize (1912)
1847   Robert Fuchs, composer
1855   Gustav Hollaender, composer
1856   Frank Harris, Galway England, writer
1858   William Pickering, Boston, astronomer (9th & 10th moons of Saturn)
1861   Alfred North Whitehead, Engl mathematician/philosopher (Adv of Ideas)
1861   Halford John Mackinder, Gainsborough Lincolnshire, geographer
1866   Bannister Fletcher, London, architect & architectural historian
1874   Emilis Melngailis, composer
1874   Ernest H Shackleton, Kilkee Ireland, explorer (Endurance, Antarctica)
1882   John Barrymore, [Blythe], Phila, actor (Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde)
1885   Richard Wurz, composer
1886   Sax Rohmer, England, author (Dr Fu Manchu)
1887   H M Bateman, Sutton Forest NSW, cartoonist
1890   Robert Ley, German chemist/MP (NSDAP)
1892   James Forrestal, US, banker/minister of Navy
1893   Harm H Kamerlingh Onnes, painter/etcher/ceramist
1893   Walter Donaldson, US pianist/composer (Girl Crazy, Whoopee)
1894   Oswaldo Aranha, Brazil, lawyer/statesman (1st pres of UN)
1896   Arthur Shields, Dublin Ireland, actor (River, Enchanted Island)
1897   Earl H Blaik, Det, college football hall of fame coach (elected 1965)
1898   Ibuse Masuji, Japanese writer (Y“hai Taich“, Kuroi Ame)
1898   Toto, (Antonio de Curtis), Naples Italy, actor (Motorizzate, Noi Duri)
1899   Gale Sondergard, Litchfield Mn, actress (Cat & Canary, Road to Rio)
1899   Georges Auric, Lodve France, Composer
1899   Lillian Disney, Mrs Walt Disney
1901   Andr‚ Parrot, French archaeologist/theologist (Assur)
1901   Christmas Humphreys, Engld, lawyer/writer/Buddhist (Awakening of Zen)
1901   Paul Haesaerts, Flemish architect/painter (Animisme)
1904   Antonin Magne, French bicyclist (Tour de France 1931, 34)
1904   Mary Adshead, muralist/painter
1905   Harold Arlen, [Hyman Arluck], US, composer (Over the Rainbow)
1906   Stephen Brown, CEO (Stone-Platt Industries)
1907   Cesar Romero, NYC, actor (Joker-Batman, Ocean's 11, Thin Man)
1907   Jean Langlais, composer
1908   Sidney Gilliat, producer
1908   Ypk fan der Fear, Frisian writer (Reade Runen)
1909   Harold Beeley, British diplomat
1910   9th earl of Jersey, English large landowner/art collector
1911   Leonard Woodcock, labor leader (UAW)
1912   George Mikes, Hungary, British writer (How to Be an Alien)
1913   Willy Vandersteen, Belgian cartoonist (Suske & Wiske)
1914   Arthur Sydney Martin, spy catcher
1914   Kevin McCarthy, Seattle, actor (Invasion of Body Snatchers, Howling)
1914   R W Woods, bishop (Worcester)
1915   Paul Ferris, British author
1916   Ian Ballantine, publisher (Ballantine Books)
1918   Alan Arbus, NYC, actor (Dr Sidney Freedman-M*A*S*H)
1920   Ingmar Milveden, composer
1920   Piet van Aken, Flemish writer (Devil Sails to US, Niggers)
1920   Richard O'Brien, CEO (Manpower Services Commission)
1922   Herman Kahn, NJ, writer (Thinking About the Unthinkable)
1923   Justice Drake, British justice
1923   Keene Curtis, Salt Lake City Utah, actor (Magician, Amanda's)
1923   Yelena Bonner, Moscow, soviet disident/wife of Andre Sakharov
1927   Frank Dunlop, director (Edinburgh International Festival)
1927   Gottfrid Grasbeck, composer
1927   Harvey Korman, Chicago, actor (Carol Burnett Show, Blazing Saddles)
1927   William Bentley, diplomat
1929   Countess of Dysart,
1929   Gerald Harper, broadcaster/actor (Tunes of Glory, Extra Day)
1929   Graham Hill, London, auto racer (1962, 68 international racing champ)
1929   James Schlesinger, US Secretary of Defense (1973-75)
1930   C F Payne, Cleveland, British chief constable
1931   W K Reid, British ombudsman
1931   [Patricia] Claire Bloom, London, actress (Charly, Look Back in Anger)
1932   Adrian Swire, British aircraft magnate (Cathay Pacific)
1933   Adolfo, Cardones Cuba, fashion designer (Nancy Reagan)
1934   Niklaus Wirth, Switzerland, computer programmer/inventor (PASCAL)
1935   John R Block, US Secretary of Agriculture (1981-86)
1935   Roger B Chaffee, Grand Rapids Michigan, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut
1935   Susan Brownmiller, Brooklyn, feminist author (Against Our Wills)
1936   Andrew Miller, British principal (Stirling U)
1937   Nicholas Bayne, diplomat
1937   P J Squire, British headmaster (Bedford Modern School)
1937   Terry Everett, (Rep-R-Alabama)
1937   Zoltan Pesko, composer
1938   Jack Tinker, drama critic
1938   Lord Justice Ward, British judge
1939   Jo Clayton, US, sci-fi author (Irsud, Maeve, Star Hunters)
1939   Ollie Ellefs„ter, Norway, 3K steeplechase (Olympics-1960)
1939   Tony Bloom, deputy CEO (Sketchley)
1941   Brian Holland, US pianist/producer (Holland/Dozier/Holland)
1941   Dan Crompton, Nottinghamshire, Chief Constable
1941   Florinda Bolkan, Ceara Brazil, actress (Damned, Last Valley, Word)
1944   Aleksandr A Serebrov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-7, T-8, TM-8, TM-17)
1944   Mick Avory, rock drummer (Kinks-Lola)
1944   Tineke Netelenbos, Dutch MP (PvdA)
1945   Douglas R Hofstadter, NYC, author (G”del, Escher, Bach)
1946   Clare Short, British MP
1946   John Greenway, British MP
1947   John Adams, Worcester Mass, composer (Nixon in China)
1947   Marisa Berenson, NYC, actress (Barry Lyndon, Death in Vienna, SOB)
1947   Rusty Hamer, Tenafly NJ, actor (Rusty-Make Room for Daddy)
1948   Ron "Penguin" Cey, Tacoma Wash, 3rd baseman (LA Dodgers)
1949   Christopher Rouse, composer
1949   Earl of Carlisle
1949   Jess Walton, Mich, actress (Jill Foster Abbott-Young & Restless)
1949   Ken Anderson, NFL quarterback (Cincinnati Bengals)
1950   Donna Hanover Giuliani, TV news anchor (WPIX)/wife of Mayor Giuliani
1950   Nikolai Sergeivich Grekov, Russia, cosmonaut
1951   Jane Seymour, [Joyce Frankenberg], England, actress (Dr Quinn)
1951   Melissa Manchester, Bronx NY, vocalist (Don't Cry Out Loud)
1953   Derek Conway, British MP
1954   Matt Groening, cartoonist (Life in Hell, Simpsons)
1955   Bev Francis, Australia, world women's power-lifting champion
1955   Clive Aslet, British editor (Country Life)
1956   Desmond Haynes, cricket (WI opener-greatest batsman in 1-day history)
1956   Hilda Beatriz "Hildita" Guevara, Cuba, daughter of "Che" Guevara
1957   Bienvenida Buck, Velencia Spain, lover of Brit Peter Harding
1957   Charles Edward Pevensey Tennant, aristocrat
1957   Jake E Lee, rocker (Badlands-Dreams in the Dark)
1959   Ali Campbell, British reggae vocalist/guitarist (UB40-Red Red Wine)
1959   Guy De Alwis, cricket wicket-keeper (Sri Lankan mid 80s)
1959   Joe Hesketh, US baseball player (Boston Red Sox)
1960   Darrell Green, NFL cornerback (Washington Redskins)
1960   Jeanne Goldsmith, LA Calif, WPVA volleyballer (National-5th-1987)
1960   Mikey Craig, rock bassist (Culture Club-Do You Really Want to Hurt Me)
1962   [Babette] Renee Props, Okla, actress (Elly Snyder-As the World Turns)
1964   Chris Farley, actor (SNL, Wayne's World, Coneheads)
1964   Mark Price, NBA guard (Washington Bullets, Orlando Magic)
1965   Craig Matthews, cricket pace bowler (South African Test)
1966   Melido Perez, Dominican/US baseball pitcher (NY Yankees)
1966   Petra Huber, Austria, tennis star
1967   Michael Easton, actor, (Ally McBeal)
1968   Kurt Robin McKinney, Louisville Ky, actor (Ned-General Hospital)
1968   Michael Easton, LA Calif, actor (Tanner-Days of Our Lives)
1969   Brian Williams, Lancaster SC, pitcher (Detroit Tigers, Astros)
1969   Edgar Bennett, NFL running back (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31)
1970   Gloria Trevi, Mexico, sexy spanish vocalist (A Gatas)
1970   Nathaniel Mills, Evanston Ill, speed skater (Olympics-1994)
1970   Tyrone Legette, NFL cornerback (NO Saints)
1971   Barbara Failey-Herbert, South Africa, golfer (1989 winner SA Champ)
1971   Jim Butler, Iowa City Iowa, table tennis player (Olympics-92, 96)
1971   Renee O'Connor, actress, (Xena Warrior Princess)
1971   Tyrone Legette, cornerback (Tampa Bay Buccaneers)
1972   Jaromir Jagr, Kladno Cze, NHL right wing (Penguins, Czech Oly-G-1998)
1972   Lance Scott, NFL offensive linesman (Arizona Cardinals)
1973   Amy Van Dyken, 50m/100m freestyle/100m butterfly swimmer (Oly-2 g-96)
1974   Erik Schulz, Port Huron Mich, pairs skater (& Ilana Goldfogel)
1974   Jodie McMullen, Miss Universe-Australia/Miss Congeniality (1996)
1974   Tim Hall, running back (Oakland Raiders)
1974   Ugueth Urbina, Caracas Venezuela, pitcher (Montreal Expos)
1975   Robert Fuchs, soccer player (PSV)
1977   Brook Wackman, rocker
1979   Kaj-Erik Eriksen, actor (Quarantine)
1991   Nicholas Garland, son of Pamela Sue Martin

1043   Gisela, wife of RC-German emperor Conrad II the Salier, dies at 52
1145   Lucius II, [Gherardo Caccianemici], Italian Pope (1144-45), dies
1152   Konrad III, Roman-German King (1138-1152), dies at about 58
1400   Richard II, British King (1377-99), murdered at Pontefract Castle
1503   Henry Deane, Archbishop of Canterbury (1501-03), dies
1568   Hendrik van Brederode, Dutch noble (Compromise of Nobles), dies at 36
1580   Cunerus Petri, Dutch theologist/bishop of Leeuwarden, dies
1597   Pieter J Kies, Dutch mayor of Haarlem (1572-73), dies at about 66
1600   Jos‚ the Acosta, Spanish missionary (Peru), dies at 59(?)
1621   Michael Praetorius, German composer (In Dulce Jubilo), dies at 50
1637   Ferdinand II, King of Bohemia/Hun/German Emperor (1619-37), dies at 58
1660   Klaas Geritsz Compaen, Dutch buccaneer/merchant, dies at 72
1680   Jan Swammerdam, Dutch entomologist (Bible of Nature), dies at 41
1680   John Swammerdam, anatomist/entomologist (Bible of Nature), dies at 43
1686   Mathias Rauchmller, German sculptor (Piasten mausoleum Poland), dies
1701   Adam Drese, German composer, dies at 80
1713   Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, writer, dies
1744   Frantisek Antonin Mica, composer, dies at 49
1744   John Hadley, inventor (sextant), dies
1759   Alexander von Papenhoven, Flemish religious sculptor, dies at 89
1761   Carlo Cecere, composer, dies at 54
1778   Johann Gottlieb Gorner, composer, dies at 80
1779   James Cook, explorer, murdered by natives in Hawaii
1780   William Blackstone, jurist, dies
1781   G E Lessing, writer, dies at 52
1781   Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Saxon playwright/critic, dies
1818   Charles XIII, King of Sweden (1809-18)/Norway (1814-18), dies at 69
1820   Pierre-Joseph Cambon, member of Committee the Salut Public, dies at 63
1820   William Ellery, US attorney (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 92
1831   Henry Maudslay, inventor (metal lathe), dies
1832   Hardenack Otto Conrad Zinck, composer, dies at 85
1835   Henry Hunt, British politican, dies
1841   Sibrand Acker Stratingh, Dutch dr/chemist (electrical car), dies at 53
1844   Henry Addington Lord Sidmouth, Brit premier (1801-04), dies at 86
1849   Pierre F Verhulst, Belgian mathematician (logistic curve), dies at 44
1857   Mikhail Glinka, composer, dies
1857   Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka, Russian composer, dies at 53
1864   Israel Zangwill, writer/Zionist/philanthropist, dies
1864   William Dyce, painter, dies
1865   Nicholas Wiseman, 1st Archbishop of Westminster (1850-65), dies
1885   Leopold Damrosch, composer, dies at 52
1887   Alexander Borodin, composer, dies
1891   William Sherman, Union General in Civil War, dies
1896   E J Nicholson, writer, dies
1902   Wilhelmina JR Albregt-Engelman, Dutch actress, dies at 68
1903   Julie Verstraete-Lacquet, Flemish actress, dies at 69
1905   Lewis Wallace, US diplomat/writer (Ben Hur), dies at 77
1910   Albert Fuchs, composer, dies at 51
1916   Nikolay Nikolayevich Lodizhensky, composer, dies at 73
1917   Charles A van Ophuysen, Dutch orientalist, dies at 60
1919   Pieter K Pel, Dutch internist (Pel-Ebstein fever), dies at 66
1921   Hans Haym, composer, dies at 60
1922   Clara [G Meijer-]Wichmann, German/Dutch anarchist/feminist, dies at 36
1923   Josephine B Willson Bruce, US black theorist, dies at 69
1924   Lionel Monckton, English composer (Country Girl), dies at 62
1928   Hubert H Asquith, premier Great-Britain (1908-16), dies at 75
1932   Minnie Maddern Fiske, actress (Henrik Ibsen's plays), dies at 66
1933   Anton J Cermak, (Mayor-D-Chicago), assassinated in Miami
1939   Foppe G Scheltema, Dutch lawyer, dies at 47
1939   Henri Jaspar, premier of Belgium (1926-31), dies at 68
1942   Guido Adler, Austrian musicologist, dies at 91
1942   Stanislav Binicki, composer, dies at 69
1943   Thomas "Fats" Waller, US jazz pianist (Hot Chocolate), dies at 38
1943   William Victor Harris, composer, dies at 73
1955   S Z Sakall, actor (Dolly Sisters, Casablanca), dies at 71
1959   Owen W Richardson, English physicist (Nobel 1928), dies at 69
1961   Jack Whiting, actor (Top Speed, Life of the Party), dies at 59
1961   Marubel Vinaon Owen, figure skater (Olympic-silver-1932), dies
1962   Vladimir Sokoloff, actor (Road to Morocco, Cloak & Dagger), dies at 72
1964   Ken Hubbs, 2nd baseman (Chic Cubs), dies in plane crash at 22
1965   Nat King Cole, singer (Unforgettable, Mona Lisa), dies at 49
1966   Camillo Torres, Colombian priest/guerrilla fighter, dies
1967   Antonio Moreno, Spanish actor/director (It, Careers), dies at 79
1967   William C Bullitt, 1st US ambassador in USSR, dies at 76
1968   Little Walter, rocker, dies at 37
1971   Marian Viktorovich Koval, composer, dies at 63
1972   Edgar P Snow, US author/journalist (Battle for Asia), dies at 66
1972   Jef [Josephus CF] Last, Dutch poet/Indonesian politician, dies at 73
1973   Tim Holt, actor (Stagecoach, Hitler's Children), dies of cancer at 55
1973   Wally Cox, actor (Mr Peepers, Hollywood Squares), dies at 48
1974   Kurt Magnus Atterberg, composer, dies at 86
1975   Julian Huxley, biologist, dies
1975   Pelham G Wodehouse, writer, dies
1978   Ilka Chase, actress (Masquerade Party), dies at 72
1979   Alex Bradford, actor/composer (Your Arms too Short...), dies at 51
1979   Mehdi Rahimi, Iran general/milt governor of Teheran, executed
1981   Jack Crapp, cricketer (7 Tests for England 1948-49, 319 runs), dies
1981   Mike Bloomfield, rocker (Electric Flag), dies of drug overdose at 36
1981   Thomas Beversdorf, composer, dies at 56
1982   Rolfe Sedan, actor (Mailman-George Burns Show), dies at 86
1984   Avon Long, dancer/actor (Roots: Next Generation), dies of cancer at 73
1984   Ethel Merman, singer/actress (Kid Million), dies in her sleep at 76
1984   Leamon Hunt, US director-General in Sinai, killed by communists
1987   Jimmy Holiday, US singer (Baby I Love You), dies at 42
1987   Osmo Uolevi Lindeman, composer, dies at 57
1988   Frederick [Fritz] Loewe, composer, dies
1988   Gardiner Means, US economist, dies at 91
1988   Gerard Holt, architect, dies at 83
1988   Neil R[onald] Jones, sf writer (Space War, Twin Worlds), dies at 78
1988   Richard P Feynman, physicist (Nobel 1965, Physical Law), dies at 69
1990   Henry Brandon, actor (Assault on Precinct 13), dies at 77
1990   Jack Fletcher, actor (Any Wednesday), dies of heart attack at 68
1991   Gary Gears, Chicago disk jockey, dies at 46 of a heart attack
1991   Luis Escobar, Spanish actor (Don Juan My Love), dies at 78
1992   William H Schuman, US composer (Pulitzer)/Pres of Julliard, dies at 81
1993   George Wallington, [Giacinto Figlia], Italian bebop-pianist/, dies
1994   Andrei Tsjikatilo, [Rostov Ripper], Russian mass murdered, executed
1994   Tiger Haynes, US actor (Moscow on the Hudson, Cosby Show), dies at 79
1995   Francis Taylor, builder, dies at 90
1995   Joseph Ortiz, French-Algerian extremist/rebel, dies at 77
1995   Lord Taylor of Hadfield, Brit pres of Taylor Woodrow Group, dies at 90
1995   Nabila Diahnine, Algerian architect/feminist, murdered at 33
1995   Sahnoun Jawhari, Tunisian Annahda-leader, dies at 40 in jail
1995   Viscount Camrose, British large landowner/Conservative, dies
1996   Bruno Ferenc Straub, Hungarian statesman, dies
1996   Margaret Courtenay, actress (Royal Flash, Duet for One), dies at 72
1996   McLean Stevenson, actor (M*A*S*H, Hello Larry), dies at 66
1996   Oscar Abrams, community organiser, dies at 58
1996   Tommy Rettig, actor (Lassie)/computer programmer (Clipper), dies at 54
1998   Martha Gelhorn, female war correspondents, dies at 89

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