Today In History

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Births   Deaths   Events
1501   Cesare Borgia returns in triumph to Rome from Romagna
1536   Fran‡ois Rabelais absolved of apostasy by Pope Paul III
1562   Edict of St Germain recognizes Huguenots in France
1584   Bohemia adopts Gregorian calendar
1595   French king Henri IV declares war on Spain
1601   France gains Bresse, Bugey, Valromey & Gex in treaty with Spain
1656   Brandenburg & Sweden sign Treaty of K”nigsberg
1718   Avalanche destroys every building in Leukerbad, Switz; kills 53
1746   Battle of Falkirk, Scotland-Edward I defeats & massacres Scots
1757   German Diet declares war on Prussia
1773   Capt James Cook becomes 1st to cross Antarctic Circle (66ø 33' S)
1775   9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests, Kalisk, Pol
1775   R B Sheridan's "Rivals," premieres in London
1779   Capt Cooks last notation in ship's log Discovery
1821   M‚xico permits Moses Austin & 300 US families to settle in Texas
1827   Duke of Wellington appointed British supreme commander
1832   Johannes van den Bosch appointed gov-gen of Dutch-Indies
1852   British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
1861   Flush toilet patented by Mr Thomas Crapper (Honest!)
1862   -Jan 22nd) BBT Ft Henry, TN by USS Lexington
1863   Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
1864   General Longstreet's command ends heavy fighting at Dandridgem TN
1871   1st cable car patented, by Andrew S Hallidie (begins service in 1873)
1874   Armed Democrats seize Texas govt ending Radical Reconstruction
1882   1st Dutch female physician Aletta Jacobs opens office
1885   Brits beat Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan
1893   -17øF (-27øC), Millsboro, Delaware (state record)
1893   Queen Liliuokalani deposed, Kingdom of Hawaii becomes a republic
1895   French president Casimir-Perier resigns
1895   F‚lix Faure installed as president of France
1899   US takes possession of Wake Island in Pacific
1904   Anton Chekhov's "Cherry Orchard" opens at Moscow Art Theater
1905   Punchboards patented by Charles Brewer & C G Scannell, Chicago
1911   Failed assassination attempt on premier Briand in French Assembly
1911   Percy Mackaye's "Scarecrow," premieres in NYC
1912   Robert Scott expedition arrives at South Pole, 1 month after Amundsen
1913   Raymond Poincar‚ elected president of France
1914   Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der Bogen des Odysseus," premieres in Berlin
1915   Antoni van Leeuwenhoek's Hospital in Amsterdam opens
1915   Russia occupies Bukovina & Western Ukraine
1916   1st PGA Championship: Jim Barnes at Siwanoy CC Bronxville NY
1916   Professional Golfer Assn (PGA) forms in NYC
1917   US pays Denmark $25 million for Virgin Islands (or 3/21)
1920   Paul Deschanel elected president of France
1923   Belgian Working people Party protest against occupied Ruhrgebied
1923   Origin of Brown[?] lunation numbers
1926   George Burns marries Gracie Allen
1928   1st fully automatic photographic film developing machine patented
1929   Popeye makes 1st appearance, in comic strip "Thimble Theater"
1933   Bradman takes second Test wicket, Hammond, bowled
1934   Carl Hubbell, NL MVP winner, gets $18,000 contract by the NY Giants
1934   Electric Home & Farm Authority incorporated
1934   NY Giants reward MVP pitcher Carl Hubbell with $18,000 contract
1938   Supreme Soviet elects Michail Kalinin as presidium chairman
1939   Ed Barrow is elected Yankee president succeeding deceased J Ruppert
1943   Tin Can Drive Day
1944   Korvet Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
1945   Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation
1945   Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work
1945   Liberation of Warsaw by Soviet troops (end of Nazi occupation)
1945   Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by secret police in
1946   United Nations Security Council holds its 1st meeting
1947   Muiden Neth ammunition factory explodes, 16 die
1948   Netherlands & Indonesia agree to a cease fire
1948   Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC
1950   "Alive & Kicking" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 46 perfs
1950   11 men rob Brink's office in Boston of $1.2M cash & $1.5M securities
1951   China refuses ceases-fire in Korea
1954   Jacques Cousteau's 1st network telecast airs on "Omnibus" (CBS)
1954   NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 20-9
1954   Suggs Louise wins LPGA Sea Island Golf Open (Cloister)
1955   Submarine Nautilus begins 1st nuclear-powered test voyage
1957   9-county commission recommends creation of BART
1957   Cavern Club opens (home of Beatles' 1st appearance)
1959   "Say, Darling" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 332 performances
1960   Mickey Wright wins LPGA Sea Island Women's Golf Invitational
1960   NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 38-21
1961   Eisenhower allegedly orders assassination of Congo's Lumumba
1962   A NASA civilian pilot Neil A Armstrong takes X-15 to 40,690 m
1962   Roy Harris' 8th Symphony, premieres in SF
1963   Joe Walker takes X-15 to altitude of 82 km
1963   Wilt Chamberlain of NBA SF Warriors scores 67 points vs LA
1966   B-52/KC-135 tankers crash near Spanish coast at Palomares, 7 die
1966   Martin Luther King Jr opens campaign in Chicago
1968   Soyuz 4 & 5 completed 1st docking of 2 manned spacecraft
1969   Beatles release Yellow Submarine album in UK
1969   Debut album of Led Zeppelin released in US
1969   Soyuz 5 lands
1970   357 baseball players are available in the free-agent draft
1970   AFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 26-3
1970   John M Burgess installed as bishop of Protestant Episcopals (Mass)
1970   Sporting News names Willie Mays as Player of the Decade for the 1960s
1971   Super Bowl V: Balt Colts-16, Dallas Cowboys-13 in Miami Superbowl MVP: Chuck Howley, Dallas, LB
1972   Section of Memphis' Highway 51 South renamed Elvis Presley Blvd
1973   City of Amsterdam decides to support Hanoi
1973   New Philippine constitution names Marcos president for life
1974   Styne, Comdem & Green's musical "Lorelei," premieres in NYC
1976   "I Write the Songs" by Barry Manilow hits #1
1976   Hermes rocket launched by European Space Agency
1977   KC releases Tommy Davis, ends an 18-year career with 10 teams
1977   NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 24-14
1977   Zaire president Mobutu visits Belgium
1979   NY Islanders didn't get a shot off in 1 period against NY Rangers
1979   Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi flees Iran
1979   USSR performs underground nuclear test
1980   NASA launches Fltsatcom-3
1981   Philippino president Marcos ends state of siege
1983   10th American Music Award: Kenny Rogers
1983   Alabama Gov George C Wallace, becomes governor for record 4th time
1983   Nigeria expels 2 million illegal aliens, mostly Ghanaians
1984   Supreme Court rules (5-4) oks private use of home VCRs to tape TV programs for later viewing does not violate federal copyright
1985   Azharuddin scores second Test century in second Test (v England)
1986   Tim Witherspoon beats Tony Tubbs in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1987   Pres Reagan signs secret order permitting covert sale of arms to Iran
1988   "Teddy & Alice" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 77 performances
1988   Leslie Manigay elected president of Haiti
1989   Al Arbour wins his 600th NHL game as coach
1989   Gunman opens fire in Calif schoolyard; 5 students slain, 30 wounded
1989   Murden & Metz are 1st women to reach South Pole overland (on skis)
1989   Phoenix Suns cancel game at Miami Heat, due to racial unrest in Miami
1990   5th Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Awards: Bobby Darin
1990   Dave Stewart signs record $3,500,000 per year Oak A's contract
1990   Kinks inducted into Cleveland's Rock & Roll Hall of Fame
1990   Who, Simon & Garfunkel, 4 Seasons, 4 Tops, Hank Ballard, Platters &
1991   Iraq fires 8 Scud missiles on Israel
1991   Mountie Jacques Rougeau beats Hart for WWF intercontinental title
1991   Operation Desert Storm begins-US led allies vs Iraq
1991   Operation Desert Storm: 1st US pilot shot down (Jeffrey Zahn)
1992   Sarah Ferguson attends dinner of Everglades club (club excludes Jews)
1993   14th ACE Cable Awards: HBO wins 32 awards
1993   Russian Irina Privalova cycles world record 300m indoor (35.45")
1994   6.6 Earthquake hits Los Angeles killing 60, $30B in damage
1994   Liz Taylor released from the hospital after hip treatment
1995   "Carousel" closes at Beaumont Theater NYC after 322 performances
1995   7.2 earthquake destroys Kobe Japan (5,372 die)
1995   Australia beat Australia A 2-0 to win the World Series Cup
1995   LA Rams announce that they are moving to St Louis
1997   NBA suspends Dennis Rodman indefinitely/$25,000 for kicking cameraman
1998   Pres Clinton faces sexual harrament charges from Paula Jones

1342   Philip, the Bold, duke of Burgundy
1463   Frederick III, the Wise, elector of Saxony (1486-25), protector Luther
1501   Leonhard Fuchs, Germany, botanist (History of Plants)
1504   Pius V, [Antonio Ghislieri] saint, pope (1566-72)
1517   Antonio Scandello, Italian composer (Passion of Johannes)
1545   Antonio Pace, composer
1574   Robert Fludd, composer
1600   Calderon, writer
1600   Pedro Cald‚ron de la Barca, Spanish poet/dramatist
1612   Thomas Fairfax, Lord Fairfax, English Parliamentary general
1657   Pieter van Bloemen, [Standaart], Flemish painter, baptized
1659   Antonio Veracini, composer
1683   Gerard van Loon, Dutch historian
1706   Benjamin Franklin, Boston, kite flyer/statesman/wit/inventor
1712   John Stanley, composer
1719   Jean-Joseph Vade, composer
1728   Johann Gottfried Muthel, composer
1732   Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, last king of Poland (1764-95)
1733   Thomas Linley, composer
1734   Fran‡ois-Joseph Gossec, Belgian-French composer (Les Pˆcheurs, Mirza)
1745   Nicolas Roze, composer
1759   Paul Cuffe, Mass, merchant/shipbuilder/black nationalist
1761   James Hall, Scotland, geologist
1769   Ole Andreas Lindeman, composer
1771   Charles Brockden Brown, father of American novel (Wieland)
1806   James Madison Randolph, (Jefferson's grandson) 1st born in White House
1814   Ellen Wood, English author (East Lynne, Pomeroy Abbey)
1818   Antoine Dorion, (L) joint premier of Canada (1858, 1863-64)
1820   Anne Bronte, English novelist/poet (Tenant of Wildfell Hall)
1828   Lewis Addison Grant, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1918
1834   Wilhelmina J R Albregt-Engelman, Dutch actress/daughter of Mimi Bia
1835   Antanas Baranauskas, Lithuanian bishop/poet/dialectologist
1835   Johan Filip von Schantz, composer
1836   Jose Silvestre de los Dolores White Lafitte, composer
1842   Anton G van Hamel, founder (Roman Philology in Netherlands)
1845   Lucas Lindeboom, Dutch vicar/evangelist (Vredebond)
1850   Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev, St Petersburg Russia, composer
1853   Alva Vanderbilt Beaumont, women's rights advocate & activist
1857   Eugene Augustin Lauste, developer (1st sound-on-film recording)
1857   Wilhelm Kienzl, Austrian composer (Evangelimann)
1858   Tomas Carrasquilla, Colombian author (Frutos de mi Tierra)
1862   John E Akkeringa, Dutch painter/etcher
1863   David Lloyd George, (L-PM-Britain, 1916-22)
1863   Henry Charles Tonking, composer
1863   Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russia, director (Stanislavski Method)
1864   Lucien Herr, France, scientist (Corresp entre Schiller et Schiller)
1873   Fran‡ois Rasse, composer
1876   Olga Fastrova, writer
1877   Hans Jelmoli, composer
1878   Oscar Apfel, Cleve, actor (Abraham Lincoln, Inspiration, Before Dawn)
1880   Mack Sennett, movie creator (Keystone Kops)
1881   Alfred R Radcliffe-Browne, British anthropologist (Andaman Islanders)
1884   Noah Beery, US actor (Mark of Zorro, Sea Wolf)
1885   E Ball-Hennings, writer
1885   Joseph Arendt, Belgian worker's union leader
1886   Glenn Luther Martin, aviator (Collier Trophy-1933)
1886   Ronald Firbank, London, novelist (Flower Beneath the Foot)
1891   Marjorie Gateson, Bkln NY, actress (One Man's Family)
1891   Norman "Squab" Read, US aviator who lived to be 101
1891   Walter Eucken, German economist
1896   Harry Reser, Ohio, orch leader (Sammy Kaye Show)
1897   Nils Asther, Malm” Sweden, actor (Bluebeard, Night Monster)
1899   Al Capone, Italy, gangster (Chicago bootlegging)
1899   Nevil Shute [Norway], London, novelist (On the Beach, Town Like Alice)
1899   Robert Maynard Hutchins, US, educator/civil libertarian
1899   Roel [Martinus F] Houwink, Dutch literary (1 Man Without Character)
1900   Olga Maria Nicolis di Robilant, patron of the arts
1901   Vasily Petrovich Shirinsky, composer
1902   Geoffrey W Lloyd, British minister of Brandstoffen/Energy (1951-55)
1903   Warren Hull, Gasport NY, actor (Strike it Rich, Who in the World)
1904   Grant Withers, Pueblo CO, actor (Oklahoma, Annie)
1904   Patsy Ruth Miller, actress (Quebec, Wide Open, Sap, Twin Beds)
1905   Franz Schmid, Germany, ascended northside of Matterhorn (1931)
1907   Henk H Badings, Bandung Indonesia, Dutch opera composer (Orestes)
1908   Akkineni LV Lakshmi Varaprasada Rao Prasad, producer
1910   Edith S Green, (Rep-D-Ore)
1910   Michael Economides, restaurateur
1911   Hermann Pfrogner, Austria, musicologist (Zerrissene Orpheus)
1911   Luis W Alvarez, US, physicist (sub atomic, Nobel 1968) [or Jun 13]
1912   Orest Alexandrovich Evlahkov, composer
1913   Werenfried [Flip] van Straaten, founder (Oostpriesterhulp)
1913   Yuvraj of Patiala, cricketer (scored 24 & 60 in only Test India v Eng)
1916   Joel Herron, Chicago Ill, orch leader (Jaye P Morgan Show)
1917   Maruthur Gopalan Ramachandran, (MGR), Indian film star, politician
1917   Oskar Morawetz, Svetla Czechoslovakia, composer
1917   Ulyses Simpson Kay, composer
1918   Joseph Walker Barr, banker/politician
1920   Joseph George Handy Hendleman, musician
1920   Nora Kaye, NYC, prima ballerina
1921   Dehl Berti, Pueblo Colo, actor (John Taylor-Guns of Paradise)
1922   Betty White, Oak Park, actress (Mary Tyler Moore Show, Golden Girls)
1922   Luis Echeverr¡a Alvarez, president Mexico
1923   Onno Molenkamp, Dutch actor (Lifespan, Broken Mirrors, The Lift)
1924   Jewel Plummer Cobb, educator/pres (California State U at Fullerton)
1925   A H Kardar, cricketer (Pak 1st Test capt, prev played for India)
1925   Annie Delorie, Dutch opera singer (Scenes & Arias)
1925   Duane Hanson, US sculptor
1925   Rock Hudson, Winnetka Ill, actor (McMillian & Wife)
1926   Clyde Walcott, cricketer (one of the three W's, later ICC chairman)
1926   Moira Shearer, Dunfermline Scotland, ballerina (Red Shoes)
1926   Richard Michael Hills, comedy script writer
1927   Donald Erb, Youngstown, Ohio, composer
1927   Eartha Kitt, singer/actress (Catwoman-Batman)
1927   Michael Herford Wooller, TV/film producer
1928   Jean Barraqu‚, French composer
1928   Ken Archer, cricketer (Australian batsman, 5 Tests early 50s)
1928   Vidal Sassoon, London, hair stylist/CEO (Vidal Sasson)
1929   Jacques "Jake the Snake" Plante, Qu‚bec, NHL goaltender (#1)
1930   Bill Benyon, English large landowner/Conservative Lower house leader
1930   Robert Ceely, composer
1931   Frederick Alfred Fox, composer
1931   James Earl Jones, Miss, actor (Darth Vader, Exorcist II, Soul Man)
1931   L Douglas Wilder, (Gov-D-Va)
1933   Aga Khan, religious leader (Muslims)
1933   Bruno Schroder, British baron/banker/multi-millionaire
1933   Dalida, Cairo, actress/singer, Miss Egypt (The 6th Day)
1933   Sheree North, [Dawn Bethel], LA, actress (Mary Tyler Moore Show)
1933   Yolande Christina Dalida, Cairo Egypt
1934   Donald Cammell, film director
1934   Shari Lewis, Bronx NY, ventriloquist/puppeteer (Lamb Chop)
1934   Sydney Phillip Hodkinson, composer
1935   Jimmy Powell, Dallas TX, PGA golfer (1990 Southwestern Bell Classic)
1935   Paul O[sborne] Williams, US, sci-fi author (Ends of the Circle)
1936   Jerry Fogel, Rochester NY, actor (Jerry-Mothers-in-Law, White Shadow)
1938   John Bellairs, US, sci-fi author (Chessmen of Doom)
1938   Paul Revere, Harvard Nebraska, pianist (Paul Revere & Raiders)
1939   Antao D'Souza, cricketer (Pakistani pace bowler in six Tests 1959-62)
1939   Maury Povich, TV host (Current Affair, Maury)/Mr Connie Chung
1939   Toini Gustafson, Sweden, 5K/10K cross country skier (Oly-gold-1968)
1940   H Kipchoge "Kip" Keino, Kenya, 1500m runner (Olympic-gold-1968, 72)
1940   Oswald Mbuyiseni Mtshali, South African poet (Fireflames)
1942   Muhammad Ali, [Cassius Clay], heavyweight champ boxer (1964-7 74-8)
1942   Randy Boone, Fayetteville NC, actor (Cimarron Strip, Virginian)
1943   Chris Montez, rocker
1943   Daniel Charles Brandenstein, Watertown Wi, ast (STS 8, 51-G, 32, 49)
1945   William Hart, US singer (4 Gents, Delfonics-I'm Sorry)
1947   Gail Toushin, LPGA golfer
1947   Jane Elliot, NYC, actress (Baby Boom, Gen Hospital, Knots Landing)
1947   Todd Susman, St Louis Mo, actor (Goodnight Beantown)
1947   Ulysses Dove, dancer/choreographer
1948   Alexander "Alec" Erwin, South African worker's union leader
1948   Mick Taylor, rock bassist (Rolling Stones-Brown Sugar)
1949   Andy Kaufman, NYC, comedian/actor (Latka Gravas-Taxi)
1949   Debbie Watson, La Mirada Calif, actress (Karen, Tammy)
1951   Rolando Thoeni, Italy, slalom (Olympic-bronze-1972)
1952   Larry Fortensky, former husband of Liz Taylor (7th)
1952   Ryuichi Sakamoto, Jap, rocker (Academy Award 1988, Yellow Magic Orch)
1953   Sheila Hutchinson, rocker
1954   Janet Dykman, Monterey Park Calif, archer (Olympics-1996)
1954   Robert F Kennedy Jr, attorney (Natural Resources Defense Council)
1955   Steve Earle, San Antonio Tx, country singer (Guitar Town)
1956   David Caruso, actor (NYPD Blue, Michael Hayes)
1956   Mitch Vogel, Alhambra Calif, actor (Jamie-Bonanza)
1956   Paul Young, rock vocalist/keyboardist (Every Time You Go Away)
1957   Donna Stone, NJ, fencer-epee (Olympics-96)
1958   Jez Strode, rocker (Kajagoogoo)
1959   Susanna Hoffs, actress/rocker (Bangles-Walk Like an Egyptian)
1960   Chili Davis, Kingston Jamacia, outfielder (California Angels)
1960   John Crawford, Palo Alto Ca, bass (Berlin-You Take My Breath Away)
1961   Maia Chiburdanidze, Kutaisi USSR, women's world chess champ
1962   Jim Carrey, Ontario Canada, actor (Living Color, Dumb & Dumber, Mask)
1964   Jeff Tabaka, US baseball pitcher (San Diego Padres)
1966   Anna Ivan, La Jolla Cal, tennis star
1966   Don Myrah, Oakland Calif, cyclist (Olympics-20th-96)
1966   Karissa Rushing, Benton Arkansas, Miss Arkansas-America (1991)
1966   Rexton Gordon, Jamaican dj/rapper (Shabba Ranks-Extra Naked)
1966   Shabba Ranks, reggae singer
1966   Trish Johnson, Bristol England, LPGA golfer (1993 Las Vegas)
1967   Gregory Caccia, Bayshore NY, team handball right back (Olympics-1996)
1967   William Michael Heinen Jr, Rayne LA, PGA golfer (1994 Shell Houston)
1970   Candace Murray, Vancouver BC, softball shortstop (Olympics-96)
1970   Darnell Walker, NFL cornerback (Atlanta Falcons, SF 49ers)
1970   Jeremy Roenick, Boston MA, NHL center (Team USA, Blackhawks, Coyotes)
1971   Derek Plante, Cloquet, NHL center (Buffalo Sabres)
1971   Peter Winter, Australian decathlete (Olympics-96)
1971   Tyler Houston, US baseball catcher (Atlanta Braves)
1972   Rohn Meyer, CFL offensive linebacker (Calgary Stampeders)
1972   Wendall Gaines, NFL tight end (Arizona Cardinals)
1973   Amanda Elizabeth Spivey, Spartanburg SC, Miss America-SC (1996)
1974   Derrick Mason, wide receiver (Tennessee Oilers)
1974   Guillermo Mercedes, Dominican/US baseball infielder (Texas Rangers)
1974   Marcus Spriggs, offensive tackle (Buffalo Bills)
1974   Sharon Marie Ferris, NZ, yachter (Olympics-96)
1977   Ali el Kattabi, soccer player (Sparta)
1978   Irina A Borisova, Miss Universe-Ukraine (1996)
1981   Ray J, singer

395   Theodosius I, the Great, Spanish emperor of Rome, dies at 49
1103   Frutolf, German monk/musicologist/historian, dies
1119   Boudouin VII Hapkin, count of Flanders, dies
1229   Albert, bishop of Riga/founder (Sword Knights), dies at about 68
1604   Santino Garsi, composer, dies at 61
1617   Pieter C Bockenberg, Dutch historian, dies at 68
1620   Diego Alvarez de Paz, Span missionary/writer (Peru), dies at about 59
1625   Nicolo Rubini, composer, dies at 50
1654   Paul Potter, Dutch painter, buried
1661   Andres Malong, Philippines rebel leader, executed
1676   Pier Francesco Cavalli, Italian opera composer, dies at 73
1702   Thomas Franklin, English smith/uncle of B Franklin, dies [OS=Jan 6]
1738   Jean-Francois Dandrieu, composer, dies
1750   Tomaso Albinioni, Italian composer (Adagio in G Minor), dies at 78
1781   Marie de Negre Dables, marquess, dies
1788   Alessio Prati, composer, dies at 37
1805   Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil du Perron, French interpreter, dies at 73
1820   Daniel W Wyttenbach, Dutch classicist/historian, dies at 73
1823   Zacharius Werner, German playwright, dies at 36
1826   Juan Cris¢stomo Arriaga y Balzola, Spanish composer, dies at 19
1830   W Waiblinger, writer, dies
1833   James Ball Antyne, Scot founder (Ball Antyne Press), dies at about 60
1833   William Rush, Indians sculptor (Spirit of the Schuylkill), dies
1856   Thomas Attwood Walmisley, composer, dies at 41
1863   E J Horace Vernet, French painter, dies at 73
1869   Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky, composer, dies at 55
1874   Chang & Eng Bunker, Chinese/Thai Siamese twins, dies at 62
1886   Amilcare Ponchielli, Italian composer (La Gioconda), dies at 51
1889   Juan Montalvo, Ecuadorian author (Siete Tratados), dies at 56
1890   Salomon Sulzer, composer, dies at 85
1891   Johannes Josephus Hermanus Verhulst, composer, dies at 74
1892   Alexandre Levy, composer, dies at 27
1893   Rutherford B Hayes, 19th US Pres (1877-81), dies in Fremont Ohio at 70
1901   Jacob G Agarah, Swedish algologist, dies at 87
1902   Gideon Scheepers, South Africa Boer leader, executed
1908   Ferdinand IV SMJJBFLGRRJ, ruler of Toscane, dies at 72
1910   Thomas Crapper, inventor (flush toilet), dies
1910   Wilhelm F Kohlrausch, Germ physicist (Additiviteitsregel), dies at 69
1911   Francis Galton, English scholar, dies at 88
1913   Carl Baermann, composer, dies at 73
1917   Hendrik Goeman Borgesius, Dutch politician, dies at 70
1933   John Hodges, cricketer (6 wickets in Australia's 1st two Tests), dies
1938   William H Pickering, astronomer (predicted Pluto), dies at 79
1941   Jos‚ Leite de Vasconcelos, Portuguese scholar (Etnografia), dies at 82
1942   Frederick Jerome Work, composer, dies at 61
1946   Gottfried Rudinger, composer, dies at 59
1952   Walter O "Spike" Briggs, owner (Det Tigers), dies at 74
1955   J A Veraart, economist, dies at 68
1955   Joannes A Veraart, Dut judge/MP, (Jews in Neth), dies at 68
1959   Abdul Aziz, cricket, dies at 17 struck by ball in fc match for Karachi
1961   Patrice Lumumba, African revolutionary, murdered at 36
1962   Gerrit Achterberg, Dutch poet (Dead End), dies at 56
1964   Terence Hanbury White, novelist (England Have My Bones), dies at 57
1966   Vincent J Donehue, director (Lonelyhearts), dies of Hodgkin's at 50
1967   Evelyn Nesbit, actress (Redemption), dies at 82
1968   Julis Deutsch, Austria politician/general Spanish rep army, dies at 83
1969   Grazyna Bacewicz, composer, dies at 59
1970   Billy Stewart, singer (I Do Love You), dies in auto-accident at 32
1972   Rochelle Hudson, actress (That's My Boy), dies at 55
1973   Fred Essler, actor (Unsinkable Molly Brown), dies at 77
1976   Ad Verhoeven, soccer player (Xerxes/Sparta), dies in auto-accident
1977   Gary Gilmore, executed in Utah, 1st US execution since 1967
1980   Barbara Britton, actress (Pamela-Mr & Mrs North), dies at 59
1981   Bernard Lee, actor (M in James Bond Movies), dies at 73
1983   Doodles Weaver, actor/comedian (Ring of Fire), shoots himself at 71
1989   Sterling A Brown, US poet/critic (Southern Road), dies at 87
1990   Charles Hernu, French minister of Defense (1981-85), dies
1991   Olav AFEC van Sleeswijk-Holstein-S-G V, king of Norway (1957), dies
1992   Bill Walker, actor (Big Mo, Mask, Harlem Globetrotters), dies at 95
1992   Charlie Ventura, jazz sax (Bop for the people), dies at 75 of cancer
1992   Dorothy Alison, actress (Maggie, 3rd Key, Long Arm), dies
1993   Ger ter Horst, Dutch soccer trainer (Sparta), dies
1994   Allan G Odell, Ad exec (Burma Shave), dies at 90
1994   Chung Il Kwon, PM of S Korea (1964-70), dies
1994   Grady "Fats" Jackson, tenor Sax Player, dies at 66
1994   Han Jansen, Dutch journalist (Volkskrant), dies at 61
1994   Klaas Peereboom, Dutch sports reporter (Het Parool), dies at 77
1994   Noel Chiboust, trumpeter/sax, dies at 84
1995   Isador Caplan, lawyer/Aldeburgh Festival pioneer, dies at 82
1995   Urias Nooteboom, Dutch journalist/critic (The Time), dies at 54
1996   Barbara Charline Jordan, politician, dies at 59
1996   Charles Henry Madge, poet writer/sociologist, dies at 83
1996   Giles William Playfair, writer, dies at 85
1996   John Adrian Hope, politician/businessman, dies at 83
1996   Robert Covington, drummer/singer, dies at 54
1997   Andrea Fisher, artist, dies at 21
1997   Asfa Wossen, [Amha Selassie], crown emperor of Ethiopia in exile, dies
1997   Clyde William Tombaugh, discoverer (Pluto), dies at 90
1998   Emil Sitka, actor (3 Stooges shorts), dies of stroke at 82

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